Vol.10, No.2, 2022, pp.431-451, doi:10.32604/jrm.2022.016735
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ARTICLE
Tunable Luminescence Properties and Elucidating the Electronic Structures of Single-Phase Spherical BaWO4: Dy3+, Tm3+, Eu3+ Phosphors for Warm-White-Lighting
  • Zun Bi1,2,3, Ke Jia1,2,3, Yunfei Liu1,2,3,*, Yinong Lyu1,2,3,*
1 State Key Laboratory of Materials–Orient Chemical Engineering, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, China
2 Jiangsu National Synergetic Innovation Center for Advanced Materials (SICAM), Nanjing, China
3 Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Inorganic Function Composites, Nanjing, China
* Corresponding Authors: Yunfei Liu. Email: ; Yinong Lyu. Email:
Received 22 March 2021; Accepted 13 May 2021; Issue published 30 August 2021
Abstract
A series of uniform single-phase spherical BaWO4: Dy3+, Tm3+, Eu3+ phosphors were prepared via a microwave hydrothermal method by using trisodium citrate dehydrate as surfactant. The phase structure, morphology and photoluminescence properties were measured by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope and fluorescence spectrometer, respectively. The results show that uniform spherical microcrystals with diameters in the range of 2–4 μm are obtained. And the phase and morphology of samples are not significantly changed by doping rare earth (RE3+) ions. Under the excitation wavelength of 356 and 365 nm, the samples BaWO4: 0.03Dy3+, yTm3+ can emit cold white light. In order to lower the correlated color temperature (CCT) to get a warm white light, the Eu3+ ions were doped into BaWO4: 0.03Dy3+, 0.01Tm3+. Especially, under the excitation of 365 nm, BaWO4: 0.03Dy3+, 0.01Tm3+, 0.03Eu3+ phosphor shew a bright warm white light with color coordinate of (0.4013, 0.3629) and CCT of 3288 K. Moreover, in the BaWO4: Dy3+, Tm3+, Eu3+ phosphors, the energy transfer mechanism among Dy3+, Tm3+ and Eu3+ ions have been discussed and the change of electron structures have been calculated by first-principles calculations. The results shew that the uniform single-phase spherical BaWO4: Dy3+, Tm3+, Eu3+ phosphors could be favorable candidates in warm white LEDs.
Keywords
Barium tungstate; microwave hydrothermal method; spherical; warm white lighting; electron structures
Cite This Article
Bi, Z., Jia, K., Liu, Y., Lyu, Y. (2022). Tunable Luminescence Properties and Elucidating the Electronic Structures of Single-Phase Spherical BaWO4: Dy3+, Tm3+, Eu3+ Phosphors for Warm-White-Lighting. Journal of Renewable Materials, 10(2), 431–451.
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