Special Issue "Natural Fibre Composites: Design, Materials Selection and Fabrication"

Submission Deadline: 30 October 2021 (closed)
Guest Editors
S.M. Sapuan, Professor, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia.
Professor S.M. Sapuan is A Grade Professor in Composite Materials at Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing, Universiti Putra Malaysia. His research interests include natural fibre composites, biopolymer composites, materials selection of composites, concurrent engineering, conceptual design for composites, and biobased polymer composite packaging. He has published 800 papers in refereed journals. He was invited to deliver more than 30 keynote/plenary lectures at different conferences. He is a fellow of Society of Automotive Engineers International and Honorary Member of Asian Polymer Association. He has edited more than 20 books mainly in composites. He was the recipient of prestigious awards such as ISESCO Science Prize, Khawarizmi International Award, Top Research Scientists Malaysia Award, Malaysia Research Star Award, and Professor of Excellence Award. He has invited as guest editor in 23 special issues in different journals. He has successfully supervised 90 PhD students.


The contents of the special issue is related to activities on design, materials selection and fabrication process. Design includes conceptual design, detailed design, design analysis and design for manufacture of natural fibre composites. Materials selection related to natural fibre composites particularly utilizing different tools and techniques for different types of natural fibre composites. Fabrication is all possible processes to make products from natural composites including additive manufacturing.

Biocomposite design; Biocomposite fabrication; Biocomposite Materials selection; Natural fibres; Design for manufacture

Published Papers
  • Research on Infrared Emissivity and Laser Reflectivity of Sn1−xErxO2 Micro/Nanofibers Based on First-Principles
  • Abstract Sn1−xErxO2 (x = 0%, 8%, 16%, 24%) micro/nanofibers were prepared by electrospinning combined with heat treatment using erbium nitrate, stannous chloride and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as raw materials. The target products were characterized by thermogravimetric analyzer, X-ray diffrotometer, fourier transform infrared spectrometer, scanning electron microscope, spectrophotometer and infrared emissivity tester, and the effects of Er3+ doping on its infrared and laser emissivity were studied. At the same time, the Sn1−xErxO2 (x = 0%, 16%) doping models were constructed based on the first principles of density functional theory, and the related optoelectronic properties such as their energy band structure, density of states,… More
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  • Biocomposites of Polylactic Acid Reinforced by DL-Lactic Acid-Grafted Microfibrillated Cellulose
  • Abstract Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) is often added to polylactic acid (PLA) matrixes as a reinforcing filler to obtain fully-biodegradable composites with improved mechanical properties. However, the incompatibility between MFC and the PLA matrix limits the mechanical performance of MFC-reinforced PLA composites. In this paper, DL-lactic acid-grafted-MFC (MFC-g-DL) was used to improve the compatibility with PLA. Reinforced composites were prepared by melt extrusion and hot-cold pressing. The tensile strength of the PLA/MFC-g-DL composite increased by 22.1% compared with that of PLA after adding 1% MFC-g-DL. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and dynamic thermomechanical analysis (DMA) were used to explore… More
  • Graphical Abstract

    Biocomposites of Polylactic Acid Reinforced by DL-Lactic Acid-Grafted Microfibrillated Cellulose
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  • Tensile and Stress Analysis of Hybrid Composite Prosthetic Socket Reinforced with Natural Fibers
  • Abstract Natural fibers and their composites are the evolving movements in material science, and with that, the utmost use of plant-based fibers has become the focus of this research. Sisal and cotton natural fibers were used to construct a prosthetic socket as an attempt to substitute material currently available in the manufacturing of sockets. The vacuum bagging technique was adopted to produce a below-knee socket. The influence of different fiber layering sequences on the volumetric and mechanical characteristics was estimated experimentally and numerically. Mechanical tensile tests were used to assess laminated specimens, such as tensile strength, young modulus, and elongation percentage.… More
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  • Crystallization and Dynamic Mechanical Behavior of Coir Fiber Reinforced Poly(Butylene Succinate) Biocomposites
  • Abstract The crystallization behavior, crystal morphology and form, and viscoelastic behavior of poly(butylene succinate) (PBS) and coir fiber/PBS composites (CPB) were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), polarized optical microscopy (POM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). The results of DSC measurement show that the crystallization temperature increases with the filling of coir fibers. POM images reveal that the spherulitic size and crystallization behavior of PBS are influenced by the coir fibers in the composites. XRD curves show that the crystal form of pure PBS and CPB are remaining almost identical. In addition, the storage modulus of CPB significantly… More
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  • Conceptual Design of Glass/Renewable Natural Fibre-Reinforced Polymer Hybrid Composite Motorcycle Side Cover
  • Abstract This paper presents the development process relating to the conceptual design of glass/renewable natural fibrereinforced polymer hybrid composite motorcycle side cover. Motorcycle side cover is a component frequently made from plastic or steel that functions on covering the motorcycle parts, components and systems such as frame, battery, electrical systems and mechanical systems. Function Analysis Systems Techniques (FAST) is used to identify the functions of motorcycle side cover. The right-side cover of motorcycle model SYM E-Bonus 110 has been physically studied to identify the competitive benchmarking criteria. The functions and competitive benchmarking criteria are then compiled and integrated with the environmental… More
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