Constructing Straight Pores and Improving Mechanical Properties of GangueBased Porous Ceramics
  • Hang Xu, Huiling Du*, Le Kang, Qiudi Cheng, Danni Feng, Siyu Xia
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Xi’an University of Science and Technology, Xi’an, 710054, China
* Corresponding Author: Huiling Du. Email: hldu@xust.edu.cn
(This article belongs to this Special Issue:New Trends in Sustainable Materials for Energy Conversion, CO2 Capture and Pollution Control)
Received 05 February 2021; Accepted 23 March 2021 ; Published online 29 April 2021
Abstract
The large-scale accumulation and pollution of solid mining waste is an urgent issue. Coal gangue is a prominent type of solid waste, and shows promise for use in high value-added products due to its content of many important compounds, including SiO2 and Al2O3. This study proposed the preparation of highly porous ceramics from coal gangue, coal slime, and coconut palm fibers. The ceramics were produced at a sintering temperature of 950°C with a fiber content of 6 wt%, which led to the formation of porous ceramics with a porosity of 66.93%, volume density of 1.0329 g/cm3 , compressive strength of 1.1025 MPa, and thermal conductivity is 0.3919 K(W/mk). A finite element model of the porous ceramics was established using the Abaqus module in ANSYS software, where the stress distribution and compressive strength were simulated. Further, the relationship between porosity and compressive strength was analyzed. The thermal properties of the porous ceramics were analyzed using the Fluent module, where the simulated changes in porosity under various sintering temperatures were consistent with the experimental data. The preparation of this highly porous ceramic from solid waste coal gangue shows promise for the minimizing the impact of waste gas and wastewater pollution in the future.
Keywords
Coal gangue; porous ceramics; mechanical properties; thermal properties