Congenital Heart Disease

About the Journal

Congenital Heart Disease is an Open Access Peer-review journal which is focused exclusively on the study and treatment of congenital defects in children and adults.

Indexing and Abstracting

Science Citation Index Expanded (Clarivate Analytics): 2019 Impact Factor: 1.663; Scopus CiteScore (Impact per Publication 2020): 3.4; SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper 2020): 1.01; Journal Citation Report/Science Edition (JCR); etc.

Previously published by Wiley (, Congenital Heart Disease starts to be published by Tech Science Press from 2020. It supports Open Access Policy and an Article Processing Charge (APC) of $1200 US dollars applies to all accepted papers (submitted after 1st August 2020).

  • COVID-19 Vaccine Priority Access for Adults and Children with Congenital Heart Disease: A Statement of the Italian Society of Pediatric Cardiology
  • Abstract COVID-19 pandemic continues to strike across the world with increasing number of infected patients, severe morbidity and mortality, social life and economy disruption. Universal access to vaccine prophylaxis will be pivotal in controlling this infection and providing individual level protection. However, mismatch between vaccine request and vaccine availability, as well as constraints in logistics of vaccine campaign is creating a transition phase of progressive but still incomplete inclusion of group of individuals in the vaccination process. Selected patients living with chronic and multisystemic disease may present increased propensity of adverse outcome, should Sars-Cov-2 infection develop. In these patients, expedite access… More
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  • Growth of the Pulmonary Valve Annulus after the Modified Blalock-Taussig Shunt in Patients with Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Abstract Background: The surgical outcomes of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) have evolved dramatically and have resulted in lower mortality rate. Currently, the many cardiac centers have a trend to early single-stage complete repair more than a staged repair. However, the patients who have an early primary repair were required transannular patch augmentation of a pulmonary valve frequently. This effect has been developed a chronic pulmonary insufficiency may lead to right ventricular dilation, dysfunction. In this era, the aim of treatment of TOF is attempted to preserve pulmonary valve annulus for prevent right ventricular dysfunction in the future. The systemic to pulmonary… More
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  • Relation or Influence of RVOTO in the Inflammatory Response to Reoxygenation in Patients with Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Abstract Background: This study evaluated differential inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass reoxygenation in tetralogy of Fallot repair. Methods: We performed a retrospective study at a cardiovascular center from 2012 to 2018, including 500 patients aged 1 week–18 years who received complete repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Patients were grouped according to tertiles of preoperative RVOT gradient on echocardiography into mild, moderate, and severe stenosis. We measured the highest perfusate oxygenation (PpO2) during aortic occlusion as independent variable. Primary outcome was systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) within 7 days postoperatively or the time of death or discharge. Results: Overall, rate of SIRS… More
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  • Surgical Versus Percutaneous Stenting Treatment of Isolated Aortic Coarctation: Long-Term Follow-Up
  • Abstract Background: In recent decades, aortic stenting has become a promising alternative to surgery for both native aortic coarctation and re-stenosis in children and adults. However, comparative long-term outcomes have poorly been investigated. Methods: We included 212 patients with previous aortic repair (19 ± 8.7 years) divided into 3 groups: 139 with single-time surgical repair (CoA-S group); 18 with single-time percutaneous stenting (CoA-PS group); and 55 hybrid patients with multiple aortic procedures because of re-coarctation occurrence (CoA-H group). All patients underwent 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and trans-thoracic echocardiography. Results: After a median follow-up of 17 years after aortic repair, antihypertensive… More
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  • Six-Year Outcome after Valve Replacement and Resynchronization Therapy in TGA Patient
  • Abstract Patients with complete transposition of the great arteries (TGA) treated by the Senning procedure have a higher risk of developing heart failure due to: a) additional work load of the systemic (morphologic right) ventricle (sRV), b) arrhythmias, mainly caused by surgical implications at the atria as well as c) worsening of systemic tricuspid regurgitation. We present a unique case of a female patient who developed all these complications, who was successfully treated and was able to carry out a twin pregnancy. This breakthrough approach was based on: 1. detecting reversibility potential of myocardial systolic dysfunction in a severe valvular lesion… More
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  • Results of Fontan in Patients with Apicocaval Juxtaposition or/and Separated Hepatic Venous Drainage
  • Abstract Objective: Modifications of the Fontan operation, which are also known as total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC), are widely applied for patients with functionally univentricular hearts (FUH). Herein, we summed up the different surgical pathways and clinical outcomes in FUH patients with apicocaval juxtaposition (ACJ) or/and separated hepatic venous (SHV) drainage. Methods: Between January 2009 and December 2019, 123 patients who undergone TCPC in our institute were included in this retrospective study. We have included 70 patients with ACJ (Group 1) and 53 patients with SHV (Group 2). Moreover, Group 2 included 17 cases combing with ACJ (32.1%). In Group 1, three… More
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  • Whole Exome Sequencing Identifies A Novel Pathogenic Bmpr2 Variant in Pulmonary Atresia
  • Abstract Objective: Pulmonary atresia (PA) is a rare type of complex cyanotic congenital heart defect characterized primarily by an undeveloped pulmonary valve or pulmonary artery. Therefore, defining a disease-causing gene mutation in a pulmonary atresia family is a possible method of genetic counseling, future prenatal diagnosis, and therapeutic approaches for pulmonary atresia. Methods: Blood samples were collected from six PA family members, and genomic DNA was extracted using the QIAamp DNA Blood Mini Kit. Gene detection was performed using a second-generation sequencing gene panel. Results: Genetic testing results indicated that a heterozygous mutation originating from maternal inheritance was detected in the… More
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  • miR-208a Promotes Apoptosis in H9c2 Cardiomyocytes by Targeting GATA4
  • Abstract Background: microRNAs are crucial for cardiovascular development and are associated with congenital heart disease (CHD). Recent studies have shown that microRNAs play a role in heart development and is closely related to CHD. The present study investigated the underlying mechanism of microRNA-208a (miR-208a) in “simple” CHD. Material and Methods: Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) demonstrated miR-208a expression levels in children with CHD (n = 27) compared with normal controls (n = 29), in cardiomyocytes from embryo 10 (E10) to post-birth (P7) and organs in adult rats in healthy rats. Apoptosis of H9c2 cells after transfection with miR-208a detected by TUNEL assay.… More
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  • A Rare Long Term Survival Case of Complete Pentalogy of Cantrell in Adult after One-Staged Surgery
  • Abstract Pentalogy of Cantrell is a rare congenital abnormality. Even with high-quality medical care and staged corrective surgeries in professional hospitals, the mortality rate is still very high and long-term prognosis is poor. Survival is largely determined by the complexity and severity of cardiac abnormalities, the efficiency of abdominal wall closure and postoperative complications. A 24-year-old male patient with complete pentalogy of Cantrell was diagnosed. One-stage surgical repair of all abnormalities were completed. The patient recovered well and had been follow-up for 7 years. He has a good cosmetic outcome, with no signs of cardiac dysfunction. No complications were noted. More
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  • Morphology and Function of the Aortic Valve after Transcatheter Closure of Ventricular Septal Defect with Aortic Valve Prolapse
  • Abstract Objective: This study aims to evaluate the morphology and function of the aortic valve after transcatheter closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD) with aortic valve prolapse (AVP) abased on clinical and radiological outcomes. Methods: From January 2013 to November 2014, 164 consecutive patients (97 males, 59.1%) with VSD and AVP were treated by transcatheter closure. The patients were divided into the mild AVP group (n = 63), moderate AVP group (n = 89) and severe AVP group (n = 12). The clinical and radiological outcomes of these patients were analyzed retrospectively. Results: In total, 146 (89.0%) patients were successfully treated… More
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