Table of Content

Open AccessOpen Access

ABSTRACT

Micro-Scale Numerical Simulation of Water Migration in Plant-Based Materials During Isothermal Drying

Peng Wang, Huaxing Zhai, Gehan Liu, Xiaohua Wu, Dongliang Sun* and Bo Yu

Beijing Key Laboratory of Pipeline Critical Technology and Equipment for Deepwater Oil & Gas Development, Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, Beijing, China.

*Corresponding Author: Dongliang Sun. Email: .

The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences 2019, 22(3), 149-150. https://doi.org/10.32604/icces.2019.04963

Abstract

The isothermal drying of plant-based material, such as fruits and vegetables, is the most widely used drying technique to stabilize materiel and to increase their shelf life. However, drying is a high energy-consuming industry process, in which water removal obviously affects the quality of dried products. Therefore, it is crucial to understand the water migration mechanisms during drying for improving energy efficiency and ensuring better quality.
Plant-based material generally has highly porous characteristics, and the major part of the water (about 80-90%) is present in the intracellular space, but not in the intercellular (pore) space. There are three pathways for water moving out from the cell: cell-to-cell, wall-to-wall, and intercellular transport. To better understand the water migration, a micro-scale numerical simulation method is proposed in this paper. In the presented method, the mathematical models of the three pathway are developed separately, then coupled through the mass flux, such as the flux of cell membrane.
Based on COMSOL software, the water migration of cellular tissues of potatoes is simulated under isothermal drying conditions. It can be seen from the numerical results: (1) The permeability of the cell membrane has a large influence on the macroscopic water conductivity of a tissue, and the gradients of water content is maximum at the face between cell membrane and cell wall. (2) In the early stage of drying, the water content of plant materials is relatively high, and the water potential distribution of each cellular environments can be regarded as a balanced distribution; while in the late stage of drying, the water content of plant materials decreases and the equilibrium state no longer exists.

Keywords


Cite This Article

Wang,, P. (2019). Micro-Scale Numerical Simulation of Water Migration in Plant-Based Materials During Isothermal Drying. The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, 22(3), 149–150.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 741

    View

  • 515

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Share Link