Open AccessOpen Access


Extreme Learning Bat Algorithm in Brain Tumor Classification

G. R. Sreekanth1, Adel Fahad Alrasheedi2, K. Venkatachalam3, Mohamed Abouhawwash4,5,*, S. S. Askar2

1 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Kongu Engineering College, Erode, 638060, India
2 Department of Statistics and Operations Research, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, 11451, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Applied Cybernetics, Faculty of Science, University of Hradec Králové, Hradec Králové, 50003, Czech Republic
4 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, 35516, Egypt
5 Department of Computational Mathematics, Science, and Engineering (CMSE), Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA

* Corresponding Author: Mohamed Abouhawwash. Email:

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2022, 34(1), 249-265.


Brain tumor is considered as an unusual cell that presents and grows in the brain. Similarly, it may lead to cancerous or non-cancerous. So, to improve the survival rate of the patient and to give the best treatment at the earliest, it’s very necessary for early prediction of tumor. Accurate classification of tumor in the brain is important for improving the diagnosis. In accordance with that, various research programs are invited for the better treatment of the patients. Machine Learning (ML) algorithms are applied to help the health associates for the classification of brain tumor and present their diagnosis. This paper focuses primarily on brain tumors of meningioma, Glioma, and pituitary. Moreover, the manual evaluation of Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI) is a difficult process. For accessing MRI brain image in the aspects of its volume, boundaries, detecting tumor size, shape and classification are the challenging tasks. To overcome these difficulties, this paper proposes a novel approach in feature selection using bat algorithm with Extreme Learning Machine (ELM) and for enhancing the accurate classification by Transfer Learning (BA + ELM-TL). Here the data is pre-processed to remove noises; Stationary Wavelet Transforms (SWT) is used to extract the features from the MRI brain image. This paper has collected the dataset from fig share, whole brain atlas and TCGA-GBM data set. Therefore, it is proved that 92.6% is the accuracy of Bat algorithm, 90.4% for Extreme Learning algorithm and 98.87% for BA + ELM-TL.


Cite This Article

G. R. Sreekanth, A. Fahad Alrasheedi, K. Venkatachalam, M. Abouhawwash and S. S. Askar, "Extreme learning bat algorithm in brain tumor classification," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 34, no.1, pp. 249–265, 2022.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 617


  • 297


  • 0


Share Link

WeChat scan