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Federated Learning for Privacy-Preserved Medical Internet of Things

Navod Neranjan Thilakarathne1, G. Muneeswari2, V. Parthasarathy3, Fawaz Alassery4, Habib Hamam5, Rakesh Kumar Mahendran6, Muhammad Shafiq7,*

1 Faculty of Technology, University of Colombo, Colombo, Srilanka
2 School of Computer Science and Engineering, VIT-AP University, Amaravati, India
3 Department of Computer Science Engineering, Karpagam Academy of Higher Education (Deemed to be University), Coimbatore, India
4 Department of Computer Engineering, College of Computers and Information Technology, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
5 Faculty of Engineering, Moncton University, NB, E1A3E9, Canada
6 Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Vel Tech Multitech Dr. Rangarajan Dr.Sakunthala Engineering College, Chennai, India
7 Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, 38541, Korea

* Corresponding Author: Muhammad Shafiq. Email:

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2022, 33(1), 157-172.


Healthcare is one of the notable areas where the integration of the Internet of Things (IoT) is highly adopted, also known as the Medical IoT (MIoT). So far, MIoT is revolutionizing healthcare because it provides many advantages for the benefit of patients and healthcare personnel. The use of MIoT is becoming a booming trend, generating a large amount of IoT data, which requires proper analysis to infer meaningful information. This has led to the rise of deploying artificial intelligence (AI) technologies, such as machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) algorithms, to learn the meaning of this underlying medical data, where the learning process usually occurs in the cloud or telemedicine servers. Due to the exponential growth of MIoT devices and widely distributed private MIoT data sets, it is becoming a challenge to use centralized learning AI algorithms for such tasks. In this connection, federated learning (FL) is gaining traction as a possible method of learning on devices that do not need to migrate private and sensitive data to a central cloud. The terminal equipment and the central server in FL only share learning model updates to ensure that sensitive data is always kept secret. Even though this has recently become a promising research area, no other research has been conducted on this topic recently. In this paper, we synthesize recent literature and FL improvements to support FL-driven MIoT applications and services in healthcare. The findings of this research help stakeholders in academia and industry to realize the competitive advantage of the most advanced privacy preserved MIoT systems based on federal learning.


Cite This Article

N. Neranjan Thilakarathne, G. Muneeswari, V. Parthasarathy, F. Alassery, H. Hamam et al., "Federated learning for privacy-preserved medical internet of things," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 33, no.1, pp. 157–172, 2022.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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