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Fuzzy Based MPPT and Solar Power Forecasting Using Artificial Intelligence

G. Geethamahalakshmi1,*, N. Kalaiarasi2, D. Nageswari1
1 RMK College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, 601206, India
2 RMK Engineering College, Chennai, 601206, India
* Corresponding Author: G. Geethamahalakshmi. Email:

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2022, 32(3), 1667-1685. https://doi.org/10.32604/iasc.2022.022728

Received 17 August 2021; Accepted 27 September 2021; Issue published 09 December 2021

Abstract

Solar energy is the radiant heat and light energy harvested by ultra violet rays to convert into electrical Direct Current (DC). The solar energy stood ahead of other renewable energy as it can produce a constant level of alternating current over the year with minimal harmonic distortions. The renewable energy attracts the energy harvesters as there is rise of deficiency of carbon and reduction of efficiency in thermal energy generation. The concerns associated with the solar power generation are the fluctuation in the generated direct current due to the displacement of sun and deviation in the quantity of solar rays from place to place. This apprehension is overcome by following the technical methods of employing latest technology is determining the optimal position to harvest the solar power at the high rate and forecasting the power generation effectively. This paper proposes a novel hybrid methodology of employing fuzzy based controller to determine the Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) in solar power generation and employing Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology to perform high precision forecasting of power generation. The K-Nearest Neighbor algorithm is a least assumption algorithm is employed in predicting the energy level harvested in the solar Photovoltaic cells. The Artificial Intelligence considers the vital parameters of displacement direction of the sun, temperature, clearness index and humidity in the air. The performance analysis of the proposed methodology is compared with the IEEE standard bus and the prediction is proved to be more precision with a maximum standard deviation of 0.06%.

Keywords

Renewable energy; solar power; photovoltaic cells; fuzzy logic; MPPT; artificial intelligence; k nearest neighbor (KNN)

Cite This Article

G. Geethamahalakshmi, N. Kalaiarasi and D. Nageswari, "Fuzzy based mppt and solar power forecasting using artificial intelligence," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 32, no.3, pp. 1667–1685, 2022.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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