Home / Journals / FDMP / Vol.18, No.3, 2022
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Investigation into the Behavior of Non-Isodense Particles in Chaotic Thermovibrational Flow

    Georgie Crewdson, Marcello Lappa*
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 497-510, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.020248
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Materials and Energy an Updated Image for 2021)
    Abstract The ability to control the distribution of particles in a fluid is generally regarded as a factor of great importance in a variety of fields (manufacturing processes, biomedical applications, materials engineering and various particle separation processes, to cite a few). The present study considers the hitherto not yet addressed situation in which solid spherical particles are dispersed in a non-isothermal fluid undergoing turbulent vibrationally-induced convection (chaotic thermovibrational flow in a square cavity due to vibrations perpendicular to the imposed temperature difference). Although the possibility to use laminar thermovibrational flows (in microgravity) and turbulent flows of various types (in normal gravity… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Genetic Algorithm for Optimizing Yaw Operation Control in Wind Power Plants

    Lisha Shang*, Yajuan Jia, Liming Zheng, Erna Shi, Min Sun
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 511-519, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.017920
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: EFD and Heat Transfer III)
    Abstract A genetic algorithm is proposed to optimize the yaw control system used for the stable and efficient operation of turbines in wind power plants. In particular, the factors that produce yaw static deviation are analyzed. Then, the sought optimization method for the yaw static deviation of the wind turbine is implemented by using a lidar wind meter in the engine room in order to solve the low accuracy problem caused by yaw static deviation. It is shown that fuzzy control can overcome problematic factors such as the randomness of wind direction and track the change of wind direction accurately. Power… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    On the Selection of a Composite Material for Two-Wheeler Foot Bracket Failure Prevention through Simulation and Mathematical Modeling

    S. M. Sivagami1, A. Bovas Herbert Bejaxhin2,*, R. Gayathri1, T. Raja Vijay1, K. Punitharani3, P. Keerthi Vasan1, M. Meignanamoorthy4
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 521-536, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.018752
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Materials and Nanotechnology: New Challenges)
    Abstract A foot bracket is a metal panel bracket used to mount and support the footrest in two-wheeler systems. It holds the footrest in place while rigidly supporting it. In working conditions, this element has often been observed to fail when specific load-fluctuation conditions are established at its rear end. Appropriate materials therefore need to be identified to overcome such a recurring failure. To address these issues, the present study has been implemented with the specific objective to determine the response of selected Al6061-T6 and Al7075-T6 Hybrid Metal Matrix Composites (HMMC). The results, obtained using the ANSYS Software, show that the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimization of a High-pressure Water-Powder Mixing Prototype for Offshore Platforms

    Shu Zheng1,*, Yang Yaln2, Shuyu Liu3, Mingxuan Xia1,2, Shaojie Li1,2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 537-548, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.018500
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Oil and Gas Transportation and Treatment Technologies)
    Abstract A new device is designed to promote the mixing of high-pressure water jets and powders in typical industrial applications. The water and powder mixing devices traditionally used on offshore platforms are detrimentally affected by the geometrical configuration of the water nozzle and the powder spraying pipe, which are parallel, resulting in small intersecting volumes of liquid and powder. By allowing the related jets to intersect, in the present work the optimal horizontal distance, vertical distance and intersection angle are determined through a parametric investigation. It is also shown that such values change if the number of water layers is increased… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Study on a Magnesium-Based Layered Composite Used as a Flame Retardant for Phenolic Epoxy Resins

    Hongxiang Liu1,2,,*, Neng Xiong1,2, Songli Wang1,2, Wei Zhang1,2, Bo Yong1,2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 549-561, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.017979
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Materials, Processing and Testing Technology)
    Abstract

    The effects of a magnesium-based layered composite on the flammability of a phenolic epoxy resin (EP) are studied. In order to produce the required composite material, first, magnesium hydroxide, aluminum salt and deionized water are mixed into a reactor according to a certain proportion to induce a hydrothermal reaction; then, the feed liquid is filtered out using a solid-liquid separation procedure; finally, the material is dried and crushed. In order to evaluate its effects on the flammability of the EP, first, m-phenylenediamine is added to EP and vacuum defoamation is performed; then, EP is poured into a polytetrafluoroethylene mold, cooled… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Intelligent Control of Cabin Environment Using Computational Fluid Dynamics for Intelligent Manufacturing

    Xi Wang*, Guangping Zeng
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 563-576, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.017884
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: EFD and Heat Transfer III)
    Abstract An efficient and versatile intelligent algorithm is developed for the control of the cabin environment of wind power generators. The method can be used to monitor and solve wind power generation problems at the same time. It also provides several advantages with respect to other traditional methods which imply significant workload and maintenance personnel. The functional requirements of the intelligent control system are analyzed, and a control algorithm for the stepping motor is selected and evaluated. Through the comparative analysis of the active power and internal temperature curve for three kinds of output power of the prototype, it is proved… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimal Scheduling of Electrical Energy Systems Using a Fluid Dynamic Analogy

    Juanjuan Wang*, Yaya Wang, Junhui Liu, Jianbo Zheng, Hongfang Zhou
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 577-589, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.017594
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: EFD and Heat Transfer III)
    Abstract The electricity-gas transformation problem and related intrinsic mechanisms are considered. First, existing schemes for the optimization of electricity-gas integrated energy systems are analyzed through consideration of the relevant literature, and an Electricity Hub (EH) for electricity-gas coupling is proposed. Then, the distribution mechanism in the circuit of the considered electricity-gas integrated system is analyzed. Afterward, a mathematical model for the natural gas pipeline is elaborated according to the power relationship, a node power flow calculation method, and security requirements. Next, the coupling relationship between them is implemented, and dedicated simulations are carried out. Through experimental data, it is found that… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    How Do Water Filled Traffic Barriers Shake a Suspension Bridge?

    Guanni Qu1,#, Tianai Yue2,#,*, Xiaoyu Zhang3, Shibiao Wei3
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 591-608, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.017776
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: EFD and Heat Transfer III)
    Abstract The present study stems from the realization that the general problem relating to the analysis of wind-induced vibrations in suspension bridges still requires significant attention. Sidewalk railings, overhaul tracks, and deflectors are known to largely affect such dynamics. Here, the influence of a row of water-filled traffic barriers on the response of a sample suspension bridge is investigated numerically. It is shown that the existence of water barriers causes flow separation and non-negligible vortices with respect to the condition with no water barriers. The vortex shedding frequency at the far end is around 41.30 Hz, relatively close to the real… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Improved Parameter Dimensionality Reduction Approach Based on a Fast Marching Method for Automatic History Matching

    Hairong Zhang1, Yongde Gao2, Wei Li2, Deng Liu3,*, Jing Cao3, Luoyi Huang3, Xun Zhong3
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 609-628, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019446
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Meshless, Mesh-Based and Mesh-Reduction Methods Based Analysis of Fluid Flow in Porous Media)
    Abstract History matching is a critical step in reservoir numerical simulation algorithms. It is typically hindered by difficulties associated with the high-dimensionality of the problem and the gradient calculation approach. Here, a multi-step solving method is proposed by which, first, a Fast marching method (FMM) is used to calculate the pressure propagation time and determine the single-well sensitive area. Second, a mathematical model for history matching is implemented using a Bayesian framework. Third, an effective decomposition strategy is adopted for parameter dimensionality reduction. Finally, a localization matrix is constructed based on the single-well sensitive area data to modify the gradient of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Experimental Performance Evaluation and Artificial-Neural-Network Modeling of ZnO-CuO/EG-W Hybrid Nanofluids

    Yuling Zhai*, Long Li, Zihao Xuan, Mingyan Ma, Hua Wang
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 629-646, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.017485
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Technology of Micro and Nano Flow and Structures for Thermal Management of Electronic Components and Energy Storage)
    Abstract The thermo-physical properties of nanofluids are highly dependent on the used base fluid. This study explores the influence of the mixing ratio on the thermal conductivity and viscosity of ZnO-CuO/EG (ethylene glycol)-W (water) hybrid nanofluids with mass concentration and temperatures in the ranges 1-5 wt.% and 25-60°C, respectively. The characteristics and stability of these mixtures were estimated by TEM (transmission electron microscopy), visual observation, and absorbance tests. The results show that 120 min of sonication and the addition of PVP (polyvinyl pyrrolidone) surfactant can prevent sedimentation for a period reaching up to 20 days. The increase of EG (ethylene glycol)… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    CFD Analysis and Optimization of a Diesel Engine Cooling Water Jacket

    Shunshun Qin1, Chengfen Xie1, Song Li1, Qi Yang1, Jianwei Chen2, Ke Sun2,*
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 647-659, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.017519
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recent Advances in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences)
    Abstract The STAR-CCM + software is used to investigate the flow inside a cooling water jacket of an in-line six-cylinder diesel engine. The results show that the average flow velocity of the cooling water inside the jacket is 1.669 m/s while the flow velocity distribution is not uniform for each cylinder. Moreover, the fluid velocity in proximity to the cylinder head is too low, thereby affecting the cooling performances of the water jacket. Two corresponding structural optimization schemes are proposed to mitigate this issue and the post-optimization performances of the water jacket are discussed in detail. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Application of New Water Flooding Characteristic Curve in the High Water-Cut Stage of an Oilfield

    Xi Zhang1, Changquan Wang1,*, Hua Wu2, Xu Zhao2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 661-677, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019486
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Meshless, Mesh-Based and Mesh-Reduction Methods Based Analysis of Fluid Flow in Porous Media)
    Abstract The oil production predicted by means of the conventional water-drive characteristic curve is typically affected by large deviations with respect to the actual value when the so-called high water-cut stage is entered. In order to solve this problem, a new characteristic relationship between the relative permeability ratio and the average water saturation is proposed. By comparing the outcomes of different matching methods, it is verified that it can well reflect the variation characteristics of the relative permeability ratio curve. Combining the new formula with a reservoir engineering method, two new formulas are derived for the water flooding characteristic curve in… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Simulation of Rock Complex Resistivity Using an Inversion Method

    Yu Tang1, Jingcun Yu1, Benyu Su1,3,*, Zhixiong Li2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 679-688, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019609
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in Nanofluids: Modelling, Simulation and Applications)
    Abstract The complex resistivity of coal and related rocks contains abundant physical property information, which can be indirectly used to study the lithology and microstructure of these materials. These aspects are closely related to the fluids inside the considered coal rocks, such as gas, water and coalbed methane. In the present analysis, considering different lithological structures, and using the Cole-Cole model, a forward simulation method is used to study different physical parameters such as the zero-frequency resistivity, the polarizability, the relaxation time, and the frequency correlation coefficient. Moreover, using a least square technique, a complex resistivity “inversion” algorithm is written. The… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Experimental Evaluation of the Mechanical Properties of Cement Sheath under High-Temperature Conditions

    Pei Zou1, Zhiqiang Huang1,*, Yian Tong2, Leichuan Tan3, Rui Li4, Kai Wei1,5, Deng Qiao1,*
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 689-699, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019470
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Meshless, Mesh-Based and Mesh-Reduction Methods Based Analysis of Fluid Flow in Porous Media)
    Abstract The sealing integrity of cement sheath in offshore wells is seriously threatened under high-temperature conditions, resulting in gas channeling and other problems. Given the lack of experimental results, in this study relevant samples of a cement slurry sealing section of a typical offshore high-temperature well have been prepared and analyzed. In particular, the mechanical properties have been assessed with a triaxial pressure servo instrument and a high-temperature curing kettle. The density and the Poisson’s ratio of the samples have also been tested. The stress-strain curve has been drawn to obtain the elastic modulus and the compressive strength. The rock brittleness… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Experimental Analysis of the Influence of Exhaust Thermal Management on Engine NOx Emission

    Jinliang Zhu1, Xiulei Wang1, Guihua Wang1, Xianglin Zhong2, Zhenguo Li3, Zhiming Wang1, Ke Sun1,*, Shuzhan Bai1,*
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 701-711, 2022, DOI: 10.32604/fdmp.2022.019311
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recent Advances in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences)
    Abstract Exhaust thermal management is essential to allow engines to meet the Euro VI emissions standards and reducing nitrogen oxide emissions is one of the most important targets being pursued nowadays. Along these lines, in the present study, engine’s thermal performances have been evaluated on the basis of a WHTC test, namely a transient engine dynamometer schedule defined by the global technical regulation (GTR) developed by the UN ECE GRPE group (the GTR is covering a world-wide harmonized heavy-duty certification (WHDC) procedure for engine exhaust emissions). The influence of thermal management on fuel consumption, intake, and tailpipe NOx have been quantitatively… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimization of the Structural Parameters of a Plastic Centrifugal Pump

    Yifang Shi*, Lingfeng Tang, Yinwu Tan, Wenbin Luo
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 713-736, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.018434
    Abstract The structural design parameters of a plastic centrifugal pump were calculated and modeled, and flow field simulation analysis of the model was performed using CFD, in the framework of an orthogonal design method (or experiment). The inlet mounting angle β1, outlet mounting angle β2, wrap angle ϕ, and impeller inlet diameter D1 of the pump impeller were the four factors assumed for the application of the orthogonal experiment, using the efficiency and Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH) as evaluation indices. Moreover, taking the maximum efficiency and minimum NPSH of the plastic centrifugal pump as the evaluation factors, the parameters of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Oil Production Optimization by Means of a Combined “Plugging, Profile Control, and Flooding” Treatment: Analysis of Results Obtained Using Computer Tomography and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

    Yanyue Li1, Changlong Liu1, Wenbo Bao1,*, Baoqing Xue1, Peng Lv1, Nan Wang1, Hui Li1, Wenguo Ma2
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 737-749, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019139
    Abstract

    Due to long-term water injection, often oilfields enter the so-called medium and high water cut stage, and it is difficult to achieve good oil recovery and water reduction through standard methods (single profile control and flooding measures). Therefore, in this study, a novel method based on “plugging, profile control, and flooding” being implemented at the same time is proposed. To assess the performances of this approach, physical simulations, computer tomography, and nuclear magnetic resonance are used. The results show that the combination of a gel plugging agent, a polymer microsphere flooding agent, and a high-efficiency oil displacement agent leads to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on the Optimization of a Drilling Rock Breaking Method Based on Fuzzy Cluster Analysis

    Kun Du, Zhen Wei*
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 751-760, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019577
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Meshless, Mesh-Based and Mesh-Reduction Methods Based Analysis of Fluid Flow in Porous Media)
    Abstract Improving drilling efficiency is the best way to reduce drilling costs and the choice of the drilling mode is instrumental in doing so. At present, however, a standard approach for the optimization of these processes does not exists yet. Through a comparative statistical analysis of the rock-breaking mechanisms and the characteristics of different drilling methods, this research proposes a set of cues to achieve this objective. Available statistical data are classified by means of a fuzzy cluster analysis according to the anti-drilling characteristic parameters of formation. The results show that different drilling methods rely on their own rock breaking mechanisms… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Investigation into the Transient Behavior of the Spike-Type Rotating Stall for a Transonic Compressor Rotor

    Pengfei Ju1,2, Fangfei Ning3,4,*, Zhiting Tong1,2, Jingying Wang5,6
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 761-773, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.018841
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recent Advances in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences)
    Abstract In this paper, a numerical investigation into a spike-type rotating stall process is carried out considering a transonic compressor rotor (the NASA Rotor 37). Through solution of the Unsteady Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) equations, the evolution process from an initially circumferentially-symmetric near-stall flow field to a stable stall condition is simulated without adding any artificial disturbance. At the near-stall operating point, periodic fluctuations are present in the overall flow of the rotor. Moreover, the blockage region in the channel periodically shifts from middle span to the tip. This fluctuating condition does not directly lead to stall, while the full-annulus calculation eventually… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Mathematical Model of Heat Transfer in Problems of Pipeline Plugging Agent Freezing Induced by Liquid Nitrogen

    Yafei Li, Yanjun Liu*
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 775-788, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019810
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: EFD and Heat Transfer IV)
    Abstract A mathematical model for one-dimensional heat transfer in pipelines undergoing freezing induced by liquid nitrogen is elaborated. The basic premise of this technology is that the content within a pipeline is frozen to form a plug or two plugs at a position upstream and downstream from a location where work a modification or a repair must be executed. Based on the variable separation method, the present model aims to solve the related coupled heat conduction and moving-boundary phase change problem. An experiment with a 219 mm long pipe, where water was taken as the plugging agent, is presented to demonstrate… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimization of the Structural Parameters of a Plastic Centrifugal Pump in the Framework of a Flow Field Analysis

    Wenbin Luo1,*, Youmin Wang1, Yuting Yan2, Yifang Shi1, Zhendong Zhang3
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 789-813, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019691
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Materials, Energy, and Fluid Dynamics)
    Abstract In order to determine the optimal structural parameters of a plastic centrifugal pump in the framework of an orthogonal-experiment approach, a numerical study of the related flow field has been performed using CFX. The thickness S, outlet angle β2, inlet angle β1, wrap angle, and inlet diameter D1 of the splitter blades have been considered as the variable factors, using the shaft power and efficiency of the pump as evaluation indices. Through a parametric analysis, the relative importance of the influence of each structural parameter on each evaluation index has been obtained, leading to the following combinations: β1 19°, β2… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Prediction of the Behavior of a Power System Using Root Cause Failure Analysis

    Seyed Mohammad Seyed Hosseini*, Kamran Shahanaghi, Safar Shasfand
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 815-833, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019626
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in Fluid Flow and Smart Materials)
    Abstract

    The thermo-economic performance of a gas turbine is simulated using a fish bone technique to characterize the major equipment failure causes. Moreover a fault tree analysis and a Pareto technique are implemented to identify the related failure modes, and the percentage and frequency of failures, respectively. A pump 101 and drier 301 belonging to the Tabriz Petrochemical Company are considered for such analysis, which is complemented with a regression method to determine a behavioral model of this equipment over a twenty-year period. Research findings indicate that 81% of major failure factors in production equipment are related to the executive procedures… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimization of the Cooling System of Electric Vehicle Batteries

    A. Heri Iswanto1,*, Iwan Harsono2, Alim Al Ayub Ahmed3, Sergushina Elena Sergeevna4, Stepan Krasnikov5, Rustem Zalilov6, John William Grimaldo Guerrero7, Liliya N. Latipova8, Safa Kareem Hachim9
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 835-850, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019851
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in Fluid Flow and Smart Materials)
    Abstract The most important components of electrical vehicles are the battery and the related cooling system. These subsystems play a major role in determining the overall electric vehicle performances. In this study, a novel cooling system with fluid in the battery cell is proposed, by which the energy storage system can be optimized through control of the temperature of the batteries. A sensitivity analysis is conducted considering the maximum temperature, the heat rate, the coolant temperature, and the geometry of the cavities. The numerical simulations show that the parameters for the trapezoidal compartment have an impact on the thermal performance of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Thermal Conductivity and Dynamic Viscosity of Highly Mineralized Water

    Dadang Mohamad1,*, Mohammed Abed Jawad2, John William Grimaldo Guerrero3, Tonton Taufik Rachman4, Huynh Tan Hoi5, Albert Kh. Shaikhlislamov6, Mustafa M. Kadhim7, Saif Yaseen Hasan8, A. Surendar9
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 851-866, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019485
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advances in Fluid Flow and Smart Materials)
    Abstract

    Further development in the field of geothermal energy require reliable reference data on the thermophysical properties of geothermal waters, namely, on the thermal conductivity and viscosity of aqueous salt solutions at temperatures of 293–473 K, pressures Ps = 100 MPa, and concentrations of 0–25 wt.%. Given the lack of data and models, especially for the dynamic viscosity of aqueous salt solutions at a pressure of above 40 MPa, generalized formulas are presented here, by which these gaps can be filled. The article presents a generalized formula for obtaining reliable data on the thermal conductivity of water aqueous solutions of salts… More >

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