Vol.18, No.2, 2022, pp.463-480, doi:10.32604/fdmp.2022.017508
Numerical Investigation on the Aerodynamic Noise Generated by a Simplified Double-Strip Pantograph
  • Jiawei Shi1, Shuai Ge1, Xiaozhen Sheng2,*
1 State Key Laboratory of Traction Power, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, 610031, China
2 School of Urban Railway Transportation, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai, 201620, China
* Corresponding Author: Xiaozhen Sheng. Email:
Received 15 May 2021; Accepted 08 September 2021; Issue published 16 December 2021
In order to understand the mechanism by which a pantograph can generate aerodynamic noise and grasp its far-field characteristics, a simplified double-strip pantograph is analyzed numerically. Firstly, the unsteady flow field around the pantograph is simulated in the frame of a large eddy simulation (LES) technique. Then the location of the main noise source is determined using surface fluctuating pressure data and the vortex structures in the pantograph flow field are analyzed by means of the Q-criterion. Based on this, the relationship between the wake vortex and the intensity of the aerodynamic sound source on the pantograph surface is discussed. Finally, the far-field aerodynamic noise is calculated by means of the Ffowcs Williams-Hawkings (FW-H) equation, and the contribution of each component to total noise and the frequency spectrum characteristics are analyzed. The results show that on the pantograph surface where vortex shedding or interaction with the wake of upstream components occurs, the pressure fluctuation is more intense, resulting in strong dipole sources. The far-field aerodynamic noise energy of the pantograph is mainly concentrated in the frequency band below 1500 Hz. The peaks in the frequency spectrum are mainly generated by the base frame, balance arm and the rear strip, which are also the main contributors to the aerodynamic noise.
Pantograph; aerodynamic noise; vortex structures; noise source; FW-H equation
Cite This Article
Shi, J., Ge, S., Sheng, X. (2022). Numerical Investigation on the Aerodynamic Noise Generated by a Simplified Double-Strip Pantograph. FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 18(2), 463–480.
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