Table of Content

Advanced Oil and Gas Transportation and Treatment Technologies

Submission Deadline: 31 December 2021 (closed)

Guest Editors

Dr. Jiang Bian, China University of Petroleum (East China),China
Dr. Huai Su, China University of Petroleum (Beijing),China

Summary

The transportation of crude oil, refined oil, natural gas and various chemical products with fluid properties at normal temperature mainly depends on pipeline transportation. Pipeline transportation of petroleum and its products and various gases from producing areas to refineries or users has been known as one of the safest, most economical and eco-friendly transportation ways. In recent years, with the steady growth of the world economy and the rapid development of energy demand in various countries, the pace of global oil and gas pipeline construction has been accelerated, and the construction scale and construction level have been greatly improved. In addition, more and more enterprises try to use pipelines to transport carbon dioxide and hydrogen under the background of Carbon Neutral. This special issue aims to report the most important and latest technological advances in transportation and treatment of oil, natural gas and non-conventional fossil fuels (e.g., heavy oil, diluted bitumen, shale oil, shale gas and oil sands slurry), as well as carbon dioxide and hydrogen.

 

Specific topics of interest include, but are not limited to, the following:

Cleaner production and technical processes for oil;

Dehydration, deacidification and liquefaction of natural gas;

Storage and transportation of hydrogen and carbon dioxide;

Energy saving and emission reduction technology in oil and gas industry;

Risk and reliability assessment of pipelines;

Multiphase flow and flow assurance issues;

Novel processing (e.g., subsea) techniques;

Intelligent technologies in oil & gas production;

Prognostics Health & Management in oil & gas industry;

Data analytics in oil & gas pipeline operation and management;

Primary and enhanced production from unconventional oil & gas resources.


Keywords

oil; gas; transportation; treatment; pipeline; cleaner production; reliability assessment; data mining; intelligent technology; unconventional oil & gas resources

Published Papers


  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimization of Control Loops and Operating Parameters for Three-Phase Separators Used in Oilfield Central Processing Facilities

    Zhenfeng Li, Yaqiao Li, Guangjun Wei
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.3, pp. 635-649, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.020633
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Oil and Gas Transportation and Treatment Technologies)
    Abstract In this study, the Stokes formula is used to analyze the separation effect of three-phase separators used in a Oilfield Central Processing Facility. The considered main influencing factors include (but are not limited to) the typical size of oil and water droplets, the residence time and temperature of fluid and the dosage of demulsifier. Using the “Specification for Oil and Gas Separators” as a basis, the control loops and operating parameters of each separator are optimized Considering the Halfaya Oilfield as a testbed, it is shown that the proposed approach can lead to good results in the production stage. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Experimental Investigation of Regular or Wavy Two-Phase Flow in a Manifold

    Xiaowei Nie, Lihui Ma, Yiqiu Xu, Dong Sun, Weibo Zheng, Liang Zhou, Xiaodong Wang, Xiaohan Zhang, Weijia Dong, Yunfei Li
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.1, pp. 37-50, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.021118
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Oil and Gas Transportation and Treatment Technologies)
    Abstract An experimental study was conducted to investigate the properties of stratified regular or wavy two-phase flow in two parallel separators located after a manifold. A total of 103 experiments with various gas and liquid velocity combinations in three inlet pipes were conducted, including 77 groups of outlet pipe resistance symmetry and 26 groups of outlet pipe resistance asymmetry trials. The experimental results have revealed that when the gas-liquid flow rate is low, the degree of uneven splitting is high, and “extreme” conditions are attained. When the superficial gas velocity is greater than that established in the extreme case, the direction… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Experimental Study on the Treatment of Tertiary Oil Recovery Wastewater via a Novel Electro-Coagulation Method

    Wei Cui, Zhilun Yan, Zhi Tang, Mengyao Xu, Jian Tian, Chengyi Shen
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.1, pp. 51-60, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.021499
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Oil and Gas Transportation and Treatment Technologies)
    Abstract At present, methods for treating tertiary oil recovery wastewater via electro-coagulation are still in their early stage of development. In this study, a device for electro-coagulation wastewater treatment was built and tested in an oil field. The effects that the initial pH value, electrode type, and connection mode have on the coagulation and separation effect were assessed by measuring the mass fraction and turbidity of oil. The results have shown that when the electro-coagulation method is used, the effectiveness of the treatment can be significantly increased in neutral pH conditions (pH = 7), in acidic conditions, and in alkaline conditions. Compared to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Refrigerant on the Performance of a C3/MRC Liquefaction Process

    Xiao Wu, Zhaoting Wang, Longfei Dong, Yanping Xin, Tianshu Yu
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.1, pp. 25-36, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.020953
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Oil and Gas Transportation and Treatment Technologies)
    Abstract The Mixed Refrigerant (MR) component is an important factor influencing the performances of natural gas liquefaction processes. However, there is a lack of systematic research about the utilization of propane pre-cooled (C3/MRC). In this paper, this mixed refrigerant cycle liquefaction process is simulated using the HYSYS software and the main influential parameters involved in the process are varied to analyze their influence on the liquefaction rate and power consumption. The results show that an effective way for lowering the power consumption of the compressor consists of reducing the flow through the compressor through optimization of the percentage of mixed refrigerant.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimization of a High-pressure Water-Powder Mixing Prototype for Offshore Platforms

    Shu Zheng, Yang Yaln, Shuyu Liu, Mingxuan Xia, Shaojie Li
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 537-548, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.018500
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Oil and Gas Transportation and Treatment Technologies)
    Abstract A new device is designed to promote the mixing of high-pressure water jets and powders in typical industrial applications. The water and powder mixing devices traditionally used on offshore platforms are detrimentally affected by the geometrical configuration of the water nozzle and the powder spraying pipe, which are parallel, resulting in small intersecting volumes of liquid and powder. By allowing the related jets to intersect, in the present work the optimal horizontal distance, vertical distance and intersection angle are determined through a parametric investigation. It is also shown that such values change if the number of water layers is increased… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Experimental Study on the Erosion of Pipelines under Different Load Conditions

    Xuewen Cao, Ni Xiong, Jian Li, Zhenqiang Xie, Xuerui Zang, Jiang Bian
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.2, pp. 233-241, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.018505
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Oil and Gas Transportation and Treatment Technologies)
    Abstract The influence of the material stress state induced by internal and external forces on the erosion rate of pipelines has rarely been investigated in the literature. In order to fill this gap, using a tensile tester machine, a two–phase gas–solid particles jet erosion test was carried out considering a 316L stainless steel under different tensile stresses and different erosion angles. The results show that: 1) In the elastic range, with the increase of stress, the erosion rate manifests a rising trend; 2) In the metal plastic range, the increase of stress leads to a decrease of the erosion rate; 3)… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Critical Analysis of Natural Gas Liquefaction Technology

    Xiao Wu, Zhaoting Wang, Mei Dong, Longfei Dong, Quan Ge
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 145-158, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.018227
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Oil and Gas Transportation and Treatment Technologies)
    Abstract Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is an important energy source and occupies an important proportion in natural gas consumption, therefore, the selection of appropriate liquefaction processes and related optimization should be seen as subjects of great importance. Accordingly, in the present review, we provide a comparative and critical analysis of the current status of natural gas liquefaction technology through examination of the advantages and disadvantages associated with three natural gas liquefaction processes (namely, the cascade liquefaction cycle, the expander-based cycle and the mixed refrigerant cycle). It is shown that the energy consumption related to the cascade refrigeration cycle is the lowest.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Simulation and Experimental Analysis of the Influence of Asymmetric Pressure Conditions on the Splitting of a Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow at a T-Junction

    Lihui Ma, Limin He, Xiaoming Luo, Xiangran Mi
    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.17, No.5, pp. 959-970, 2021, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2021.016710
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Oil and Gas Transportation and Treatment Technologies)
    Abstract Dedicated experiments and numerical simulations have been conducted to investigate the splitting characteristics of a gas-liquid two phase flow at a T junction. The experiments were carried out for different gas-liquid velocities. The flow rates in the two branches were measured accurately to determine how the two considered phases distribute in the two outlets. The experimental results have shown that when the two outlet pressures are asymmetric, the two-phase flow always tends to flow into the outlet which has a lower pressure. As the inlet liquid velocity increases, however, the two-phase flow gradually tends to split evenly. Compared with the… More >

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