Vol.118, No.1, 2021, pp.53-71, doi:10.32604/EE.2020.012381
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Time-Domain Protection for Transmission Lines Connected to Wind Power Plant based on Model Matching and Hausdorff Distance
  • Hongchun Shu1,2, Xiaohan Jiang1,2,*, Pulin Cao2, Na An2, Xincui Tian2, Bo Yang2
1 Faculty of Land Resource Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, 650500, China
2 Faculty of Electric Power Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, 650500, China
* Corresponding Author: Xiaohan Jiang. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Wind Energy Development and Utilization)
Received 20 July 2020; Accepted 21 August 2020; Issue published 17 November 2020
Abstract
The system impedance instability, high-order harmonics, and frequency offset are main fault characteristics of wind power system. Moreover, the measurement angle of faulty phase is affected by rotation speed frequency component, which causes traditional directional protections based on angle comparison between voltage and current to operate incorrectly. In this paper, a time-domain protection for connected to wind power plant based on model matching is proposed, which compares the calculated current and the measured current to identify internal faults and external faults. Under external faults, the calculated current and measured current waveform are quite similar because the protected transmission lines is equivalent to a lumped parameter model and the model itself is not damaged. However, the similarity of calculated current and measured current is quite low, due to destroyed integrity of model under internal faults. Additionally, Hausdorff distance is introduced to obtain the similarity of the calculated current and measured current. Since the proposed protection scheme is applied in time domain, it is independent from current frequency offsets of wind energy system, high-order harmonics, and system impedance variations. Comprehensive case studies are undertaken through Power Systems Computer Aided Design (PSCAD), while simulation results verify the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed approach in fault identification.
Keywords
Wind power plant; crowbar; time-domain protection; hausdorff distance; model matching
Cite This Article
Shu, H., Jiang, X., Cao, P., An, N., Tian, X. et al. (2021). Time-Domain Protection for Transmission Lines Connected to Wind Power Plant based on Model Matching and Hausdorff Distance. Energy Engineering, 118(1), 53–71.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.