Vol.117, No.6, 2020, pp.413-427, doi:10.32604/EE.2020.012019
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Research on Effect of Icing Degree on Performance of NACA4412 Airfoil Wind Turbine
  • Yuhao Jia1, Bin Cheng1,2,*, Xiyang Li1,2, Hui Zhang1,2, Yinglong Dong1
1 College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Shihezi University, Shihezi, 832003, China
2 Key Laboratory of Northwest Agricultural Equipment, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Shihezi, 832003, China
* Corresponding Author: Bin Cheng. Email: cb_adu@shzu.edu.cn
Received 11 June 2020; Accepted 07 July 2020; Issue published 16 October 2020
Abstract
In order to study the effect of icing on the wind turbine blade tip speed ratio and wind energy utilization coefficient under working conditions, it is important to better understand the growth characteristics of wind turbine blade icing under natural conditions. In this paper, the icing test of the NACA4412 airfoil wind turbine was carried out using the natural low temperature wind turbine icing test system. An evaluation model of icing degree was established, and the influence of wind speed and icing degree on the performance parameters of wind turbines was compared and analyzed. It is shown that icing is mainly concentrated on the leading edge of the blade and the windward side. The icing on the leeward surface is concentrated near the leading edge of the blade. The amount of icing varies significantly along the direction of blade expansion, with the least amount of ice accumulation at 0.2R, followed by 0.6R, and most at 0.95R. At the beginning of the experiment, the icy thickness at the 0.2R, 0.6R and 0.95R locations increased at a rate of 12.03%, 8.87% and 6.00% respectively, and then the growth rate gradually decreased and stabilized. At the same wind speed, the blade tip speed ratio and wind energy utilization coefficient are inversely related to the change trend of the icing degree. When the blade icing degree is 0.82%, 1.49% and 2.73%, the maximum tip speed ratio is reduced by 7.1%, 14.1% and 21.2% and the maximum wind energy utilization coefficient is reduced by 36.3%, 51.2% and 61.6% respectively.
Keywords
Wind turbine; blade icing; icing degree; blade tip speed ratio; wind energy utilization coefficient
Cite This Article
Jia, Y., Cheng, B., Li, X., Zhang, H., Dong, Y. (2020). Research on Effect of Icing Degree on Performance of NACA4412 Airfoil Wind Turbine. Energy Engineering, 117(6), 413–427.
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