Advances in Microgrids and Nanogrids: Planning, Operation, Energy Management and Optimization, Control, Protection, Cyber security

Submission Deadline: 31 December 2021 (closed)

Guest Editors

Dr. Ebrahim Mohammadi, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. Email:
Prof. Ali Mehrizi-Sani, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA. Email:
Prof. Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban, Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, Esbjerg, Denmark. Email:
Prof. Farhad Shahnia, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia. Email:


Conventional centralized power systems have faced different problems such as depletion of fossil fuel resources, environmental pollution, and poor energy efficiency. To cope with these problems, efforts have been made in discovering solutions that can help transform the electric power system from its centralized form of operation to a more interactive distributed model. The new concept of generating power locally at distribution voltage level has been developed by using distributed energy resources like natural gas, biogas, wind, solar photovoltaics, fuel cells, combined heat and power (CHP) systems, microturbines, and Stirling engines and their integration into the grid. Microgrids can help integrate distributed energy resources and storage units into the power system, increasing its efficiency and resilience to natural and disruptive events.


Following the concept of microgrids, nanogrids have been developed for integration of distributed energy resources in low-voltage systems. The structure of a nanogrid is similar to a microgrid, but it is designed for a much smaller geographic area and entails a smaller capacity. Nanogrids are designed to satisfy specific objectives within a microgrid such as the surgery building within a hospital or the police station within a university campus.


Microgrids and nanogrids have different advantages, but planning and operation of these systems have faced several challenges. Therefore, advanced solutions and techniques are required to be developed to increase their efficiency, reliability, and resiliency.


The topics for this special issue include, but are not limited to the following:

• AC/DC and hybrid microgrids and nanogrids

• Grid-connected and isolated operation of microgrids and nanogrids

• Energy management in macrogrids and nanogrids

• Optimization of microgrids and nanogrids

• Planning of microgrids and nanogrids

• New testbeds for microgrids and nanogrids

• Protection of microgrids and nanogrids

• Smart loads in microgrid and nanogrids

• Integration of distributed energy resources into microgrids and nanogrids

• Energy storages for microgrids and nanogrids

• Advanced control of microgrid and nanogrids

• Islanding detection techniques in microgrids and nanogrids

• Ancillary services in microgrids and nanogrids

• Power quality in microgrids and nanogrids

• Stability analysis of microgrids and nanogrids

• Design of home appliances for microgrid and nanogrids

• Modeling and simulation of microgrids and nanogrids

• Active and reactive power control in microgrids and nanogrids

• Combined heat and power (CHP) systems for microgrids and nanogrids

• Cluster of microgrids and nanogrids

• Cybersecurity of microgrids and nanogrids


Microgrids (MGs); Nanogrids (NGs); Planning of MG/NGs; Islanding detection; Energy management; Energy storage; Distributed energy resource (DER); DER management; Optimization of microgrids/nanogrids; DER integration to MGs and NGs.

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