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Optical Ciphering Scheme for Cancellable Speaker Identification System

Walid El-Shafai1,2, Marwa A. Elsayed1, Mohsen A. Rashwan3, Moawad I. Dessouky1, Adel S. El-Fishawy1, Naglaa F. Soliman4, Amel A. Alhussan5,*, Fathi E. Abd El-Samie1
1 Department of Electronics and Electrical Communications Engineering, Faculty of Electronic Engineering, Menoufia University, Menouf, 32952, Egypt
2 Security Engineering Laboratory, Department of Computer Science, Prince Sultan University, Riyadh, 11586, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Electronics and Communications, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
4 Department of Information Technology, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, 11671, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Computer Sciences, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
* Corresponding Author: Amel A. Alhussan. Email:

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2023, 45(1), 563-578. https://doi.org/10.32604/csse.2023.024375

Received 15 October 2021; Accepted 23 March 2022; Issue published 16 August 2022

Abstract

Most current security and authentication systems are based on personal biometrics. The security problem is a major issue in the field of biometric systems. This is due to the use in databases of the original biometrics. Then biometrics will forever be lost if these databases are attacked. Protecting privacy is the most important goal of cancelable biometrics. In order to protect privacy, therefore, cancelable biometrics should be non-invertible in such a way that no information can be inverted from the cancelable biometric templates stored in personal identification/verification databases. One methodology to achieve non-invertibility is the employment of non-invertible transforms. This work suggests an encryption process for cancellable speaker identification using a hybrid encryption system. This system includes the 3D Jigsaw transforms and Fractional Fourier Transform (FrFT). The proposed scheme is compared with the optical Double Random Phase Encoding (DRPE) encryption process. The evaluation of simulation results of cancellable biometrics shows that the algorithm proposed is secure, authoritative, and feasible. The encryption and cancelability effects are good and reveal good performance. Also, it introduces recommended security and robustness levels for its utilization for achieving efficient cancellable biometrics systems.

Keywords

Cancellable biometrics; jigsaw transform; FrFT; DRPE; speaker identification

Cite This Article

W. El-Shafai, M. A. Elsayed, M. A. Rashwan, M. I. Dessouky, A. S. El-Fishawy et al., "Optical ciphering scheme for cancellable speaker identification system," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 45, no.1, pp. 563–578, 2023.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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