Vol.44, No.2, 2023, pp.1187-1200, doi:10.32604/csse.2023.026137
An Improved Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization Routing on MANET
  • G. Rajeshkumar1,*, M. Vinoth Kumar2, K. Sailaja Kumar3, Surbhi Bhatia4, Arwa Mashat5, Pankaj Dadheech6
1 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Erode Sengunthar Engineering College, Perundurai, Erode, 638057, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Information Science and Engineering, Dayananda Sagar Academy of Technology and Management, Bangalore, 560082, India
3 Department of Master of Computer Applications, M. S. Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore, 560054, India
4 Department of Information Systems, College of Computer Science and Information Technology, King Faisal University, Riyadh, 11533, Saudi Arabia
5 Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, 21911, Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Swami Keshvanand Institute of Technology, Management & Gramothan, Jaipur, 302017, Rajasthan, India
* Corresponding Author: G. Rajeshkumar. Email:
Received 16 December 2021; Accepted 09 February 2022; Issue published 15 June 2022
A Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) is a group of low-power consumption of wireless mobile nodes that configure a wireless network without the assistance of any existing infrastructure/centralized organization. The primary aim of MANETs is to extend flexibility into the self-directed, mobile, and wireless domain, in which a cluster of autonomous nodes forms a MANET routing system. An Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is a tool that examines a network for malicious behavior/policy violations. A network monitoring system is often used to report/gather any suspicious attacks/violations. An IDS is a software program or hardware system that monitors network/security traffic for malicious attacks, sending out alerts whenever it detects malicious nodes. The impact of Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) in MANETs challenging blackhole attack is investigated in this research article. The Cluster Trust Adaptive Acknowledgement (CTAA) method is used to identify unauthorised and malfunctioning nodes in a MANET environment. MANET system is active and provides successful delivery of a data packet, which implements Kalman Filters (KF) to anticipate node trustworthiness. Furthermore, KF is used to eliminate synchronisation errors that arise during the sending and receiving data. In order to provide an energy-efficient solution and to minimize network traffic, route optimization in MANET by using Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization (MOPSO) technique to determine the optimal number of clustered MANET along with energy dissipation in nodes. According to the research findings, the proposed CTAA-MPSO achieves a Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR) of 3.3%. In MANET, the PDR of CTAA-MPSO improves CTAA-PSO by 3.5% at 30% malware.
MANET; intrusion detection system; cluster; kalman filter; dynamic source routing; multi-objective particle swarm optimization; packet delivery ratio
Cite This Article
G. Rajeshkumar, M. Vinoth Kumar, K. Sailaja Kumar, S. Bhatia, A. Mashat et al., "An improved multi-objective particle swarm optimization routing on manet," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 44, no.2, pp. 1187–1200, 2023.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.