Vol.44, No.2, 2023, pp.1485-1498, doi:10.32604/csse.2023.025190
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Intelligent Deep Learning Enabled Wild Forest Fire Detection System
  • Ahmed S. Almasoud*
Department of Information Systems, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Prince Sultan University, Riyadh, 11586, Saudi Arabia
* Corresponding Author: Ahmed S. Almasoud. Email:
Received 15 November 2021; Accepted 28 December 2021; Issue published 15 June 2022
Abstract
The latest advancements in computer vision and deep learning (DL) techniques pave the way to design novel tools for the detection and monitoring of forest fires. In this view, this paper presents an intelligent wild forest fire detection and alarming system using deep learning (IWFFDA-DL) model. The proposed IWFFDA-DL technique aims to identify forest fires at earlier stages through integrated sensors. The proposed IWFFDA-DL system includes an Integrated sensor system (ISS) combining an array of sensors that acts as the major input source that helps to forecast the fire. Then, the attention based convolution neural network with bidirectional long short term memory (ACNN-BLSTM) model is applied to examine and identify the existence of danger. For hyperparameter tuning of the ACNN-BLSTM model, the bacterial foraging optimization (BFO) algorithm is employed and thereby enhances the detection performance. Finally, when the fire is detected, the Global System for Mobiles (GSM) modem transmits messages to the authorities to take required actions. An extensive set of simulations were performed and the results are investigated interms of several aspects. The obtained results highlight the betterment of the IWFFDA-DL technique interms of various measures.
Keywords
Forest fire; deep learning; intelligent models; metaheuristics; integrated sensor system; hyperparameter tuning
Cite This Article
A. S. Almasoud, "Intelligent deep learning enabled wild forest fire detection system," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 44, no.2, pp. 1485–1498, 2023.
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