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Energy Aware Routing Algorithm in Manet Using Linear Programming

Hany Ramadan1,∗, Ben Bella S. Tawfik2, Alaa El Din M. Riad3
1 College of Management, Arab Academy for Science and Technology, Egypt
2 College of Computers & Informatics, Suez Canal University, Egypt
3 College of Computers & Information Science, Mansoura University, Egypt
E-mail: benbellat@gmail.com;amriad2014@gmail.com
* Corresponding Author: E-mail:

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2018, 33(6), 421-428. https://doi.org/10.32604/csse.2018.33.421

Abstract

Mobile ad hoc networks (MANET) are wireless network without infrastructure and suffering from low power battery. Therefore the main objective in finding a route for traffic transfer from a given source to a given destination is to minimize the node energy consumption. This paper solves the problem of finding a route satisfying the main objective of minimum energy consumption and other QoS requirements such as minimum delay and maximum packet delivery ratio by using linear programming technique. Two cases are considered: 1. The traffic amount of a given request is transmitted into single path, and 2. The traffic amount of a request can be distributed into parallel paths. A preprocessing step is done first for network topology design. This step leads to formulate the first case as integer linear programming problem and the second case as linear programming and not mixed integer linear programming. The two obtained solutions are evaluated in terms of three criteria: energy consumption, execution time, and packet delivery ratio using an experimental study. The results show that the solution of second case is much better than the first case in terms of energy consumption and execution time. Packet delivery ratio in the second case is 100% while in the first case is only 76%.

Keywords

MANET routing algorithms, Linear programming, Integer Linear programming, Energy consumption, Traffic amount distribution

Cite This Article

H. Ramadan, B. Bella S. Tawfik and A. El Din M. Riad, "Energy aware routing algorithm in manet using linear programming," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 33, no.6, pp. 421–428, 2018.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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