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Type-2 Neutrosophic Set and Their Applications in Medical Databases Deadlock Resolution

Marwan H. Hassan1, Saad M. Darwish2,*, Saleh M. Elkaffas3

1 Department of Advocacy and Public Speaking, Imam Al-Adham University College, Anbar, 55431, Iraq
2 Department of Information Technology, Institute of Graduate Studies and Research, Alexandria University, Alexandria, 21526, Egypt
3 College of Computing and Information Technology, Arab Academy for Science, Technology and Maritime Transport, Alexandria, 1029, Egypt

* Corresponding Author: Saad M. Darwish. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 74(2), 4417-4434.


Electronic patient data gives many advantages, but also new difficulties. Deadlocks may delay procedures like acquiring patient information. Distributed deadlock resolution solutions introduce uncertainty due to inaccurate transaction properties. Soft computing-based solutions have been developed to solve this challenge. In a single framework, ambiguous, vague, incomplete, and inconsistent transaction attribute information has received minimal attention. The work presented in this paper employed type-2 neutrosophic logic, an extension of type-1 neutrosophic logic, to handle uncertainty in real-time deadlock-resolving systems. The proposed method is structured to reflect multiple types of knowledge and relations among transactions’ features that include validation factor degree, slackness degree, degree of deadline-missed transaction based on the degree of membership of truthiness, degree of membership of indeterminacy, and degree of membership of falsity. Here, the footprint of uncertainty (FOU) for truth, indeterminacy, and falsity represents the level of uncertainty that exists in the value of a grade of membership. We employed a distributed real-time transaction processing simulator (DRTTPS) to conduct the simulations and conducted experiments using the benchmark Pima Indians diabetes dataset (PIDD). As the results showed, there is an increase in detection rate and a large drop in rollback rate when this new strategy is used. The performance of Type-2 neutrosophic-based resolution is better than the Type-1 neutrosophic-based approach on the execution ratio scale. The improvement rate has reached 10% to 20%, depending on the number of arrived transactions.


Cite This Article

M. H. Hassan, S. M. Darwish and S. M. Elkaffas, "Type-2 neutrosophic set and their applications in medical databases deadlock resolution," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 74, no.2, pp. 4417–4434, 2023.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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