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Stochastic Investigations for the Fractional Vector-Host Diseased Based Saturated Function of Treatment Model

Thongchai Botmart1, Qusain Hiader2, Zulqurnain Sabir3, Muhammad Asif Zahoor Raja4, Wajaree Weera1,*
1 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand
2 Department of Mathematics, University of Gujrat, Gujrat, 50700, Pakistan
3 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Hazara University, Mansehra, 21120, Pakistan
4 Future Technology Research Center, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, 123 University Road, Section 3, Douliou, 64002, Yunlin, Taiwan
* Corresponding Author: Wajaree Weera. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 74(1), 559-573.

Received 28 April 2022; Accepted 20 June 2022; Issue published 22 September 2022


The goal of this research is to introduce the simulation studies of the vector-host disease nonlinear system (VHDNS) along with the numerical treatment of artificial neural networks (ANNs) techniques supported by Levenberg-Marquardt backpropagation (LMQBP), known as ANNs-LMQBP. This mechanism is physically appropriate, where the number of infected people is increasing along with the limited health services. Furthermore, the biological effects have fading memories and exhibit transition behavior. Initially, the model is developed by considering the two and three categories for the humans and the vector species. The VHDNS is constructed with five classes, susceptible humans , infected humans , recovered humans , infected vectors , and susceptible vector based system of the fractional-order nonlinear ordinary differential equations. To solve the number of variations of the VHDNS, the numerical simulations are performed using the stochastic ANNs-LMQBP. The achieved numerical solutions for solving the VHDNS using the stochastic ANNs-LMQBP have been described for training, verifying, and testing data to decrease the mean square error (MSE). An extensive analysis is provided using the correlation studies, MSE, error histograms (EHs), state transitions (STs), and regression to observe the accuracy, efficiency, expertise, and aptitude of the computing ANNs-LMQBP.


Nonlinear mathematical vector host disease model; fractional order; levenberg marquardt backpropagation; neural network; reference database

Cite This Article

T. Botmart, Q. Hiader, Z. Sabir, M. A. Z. Raja and W. Weera, "Stochastic investigations for the fractional vector-host diseased based saturated function of treatment model," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 74, no.1, pp. 559–573, 2023.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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