Open Access


A Deep Learning Approach for Detecting Covid-19 Using the Chest X-Ray Images

Fatemeh Sadeghi1, Omid Rostami2, Myung-Kyu Yi3, Seong Oun Hwang3,*
1 Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, 14588-89694, Iran
2 Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, TX, 77204, USA
3 Department of Computer Engineering, Gachon University, Seongnam, 13120, Korea
* Corresponding Author: Seong Oun Hwang. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 74(1), 751-768.

Received 20 April 2022; Accepted 24 June 2022; Issue published 22 September 2022


Real-time detection of Covid-19 has definitely been the most widely-used world-wide classification problem since the start of the pandemic from 2020 until now. In the meantime, airspace opacities spreads related to lung have been of the most challenging problems in this area. A common approach to do on that score has been using chest X-ray images to better diagnose positive Covid-19 cases. Similar to most other classification problems, machine learning-based approaches have been the first/most-used candidates in this application. Many schemes based on machine/deep learning have been proposed in recent years though increasing the performance and accuracy of the system has still remained an open issue. In this paper, we develop a novel deep learning architecture to better classify the Covid-19 X-ray images. To do so, we first propose a novel multi-habitat migration artificial bee colony (MHMABC) algorithm to improve the exploitation/exploration of artificial bee colony (ABC) algorithm. After that, we optimally train the fully connected by using the proposed MHMABC algorithm to obtain better accuracy and convergence rate while reducing the execution cost. Our experiment results on Covid-19 X-ray image dataset show that the proposed deep architecture has a great performance in different important optimization parameters. Furthermore, it will be shown that the MHMABC algorithm outperforms the state-of-the-art algorithms by evaluating its performance using some well-known benchmark datasets.


Chest X-ray image processing; evolutionary deep learning; covid-19

Cite This Article

F. Sadeghi, O. Rostami, M. Yi and S. O. Hwang, "A deep learning approach for detecting covid-19 using the chest x-ray images," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 74, no.1, pp. 751–768, 2023.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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