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Intelligent SLAM Algorithm Fusing Low-Cost Sensors at Risk of Building Collapses

Dahyeon Kim, Junho Ahn*
Computer Information Technology, Korea National University of Transportation, Chungju, 27469, Korea
* Corresponding Author: Junho Ahn. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 74(1), 1657-1671. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2023.029216

Received 27 February 2022; Accepted 01 April 2022; Issue published 22 September 2022

Abstract

When firefighters search inside a building that is at risk of collapse due to abandonment or disasters such as fire, they use old architectural drawings or a simple monitoring method involving a video device attached to a robot. However, using these methods, the disaster situation inside a building at risk of collapse is difficult to detect and identify. Therefore, we investigate the generation of digital maps for a disaster site to accurately analyze internal situations. In this study, a robot combined with a low-cost camera and two-dimensional light detection and ranging (2D-lidar) traverses across a floor to estimate the location of obstacles while drawing an internal map of the building. We propose an algorithm that detects the floor and then determines the possibility of entry, tracks collapses, and detects obstacles by analyzing patterns on the floor. The robot’s location is estimated, and a digital map is created based on Hector simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM). Subsequently, the positions of obstacles are estimated based on the range values detected by 2D-lidar, and the position of the obstacles are identified on the map using the map update method in semantic SLAM. All equipment are implemented using low-specification devices, and the experiments are conducted using a low-cost robot that affords near-real-time performance. The experiments are conducted in various actual internal environments of buildings. In terms of obstacle detection performance, almost all obstacles are detected, and their positions identified on the map with a high accuracy of 89%.

Keywords

Intelligence; SLAM; vision; 2D-lidar; low-cost algorithm

Cite This Article

D. Kim and J. Ahn, "Intelligent slam algorithm fusing low-cost sensors at risk of building collapses," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 74, no.1, pp. 1657–1671, 2023.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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