Vol.71, No.3, 2022, pp.6107-6124, doi:10.32604/cmc.2022.024722
Estimator-Based GPS Attitude and Angular Velocity Determination
  • Dah-Jing Jwo*
Department of Communications, Navigation and Control Engineering, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, 202301, Taiwan
* Corresponding Author: Dah-Jing Jwo. Email:
Received 28 October 2021; Accepted 09 December 2021; Issue published 14 January 2022
In this paper, the estimator-based Global Positioning System (GPS) attitude and angular velocity determination is presented. Outputs of the attitude estimator include the attitude angles and attitude rates or body angular velocities, depending on the design of estimator. Traditionally as a position, velocity and time sensor, the GPS also offers a free attitude-determination interferometer. GPS research and applications to the field of attitude determination using carrier phase or Doppler measurement has been extensively conducted. The raw attitude solution using the interferometry technique based on the least-squares approach is inherently noisy. The estimator such as the Kalman filter (KF) or extended Kalman filter (EKF) can be incorporated into the GPS interferometer, potentially providing several advantages, such as accuracy improvement, reliability enhancement, and real-time characteristics. Three estimator-based approaches are investigated for performance comparison, including (1) KF with measurement involving attitude angles only; (2) EKF with measurements based on attitude angles only; (3) EKF with measurements involving both attitude angles and body angular rates. The assistance from body mounted gyroscopes, if available, can be utilized as the measurements for further performance improvement, especially useful for the case of signal-challenged environment, such as the GPS outages. Modeling of the dynamic process involving the body angular rates and derivation of the related algorithm will be presented. Simulation results for various estimator-based approaches are conducted; performance comparison is presented for the case of GPS outages.
Global positioning system (GPS); extended Kalman filter; attitude determination; angular velocity
Cite This Article
Jwo, D. (2022). Estimator-Based GPS Attitude and Angular Velocity Determination. CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, 71(3), 6107–6124.
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