Vol.71, No.3, 2022, pp.6183-6200, doi:10.32604/cmc.2022.020768
Hybrid Energy Storage to Control and Optimize Electric Propulsion Systems
  • Sikander Hans1, Smarajit Ghosh1, Suman Bhullar1, Aman Kataria2, Vinod Karar2,*, Divya Agrawal2
1 Department of Electrical and Instrumentation Engineering, Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology, Patiala, India
2 Optical Devices and Systems, CSIR-Central Scientific Instruments Organization, Chandigarh 160030, India
* Corresponding Author: Vinod Karar. Email:
Received 07 June 2021; Accepted 25 October 2021; Issue published 14 January 2022
Today, ship development has concentrated on electrifying ships in commercial and military applications to improve efficiency, support high-power missile systems and reduce emissions. However, the electric propulsion of the shipboard system experiences torque fluctuation, thrust, and power due to the rotation of the propeller shaft and the motion of waves. In order to meet these challenges, a new solution is needed. This paper explores hybrid energy management systems using the battery and ultracapacitor to control and optimize the electric propulsion system. The battery type and ultracapacitor are ZEBRA and MAXWELL, respectively. The 3-, 4-and 5-blade propellers are considered to produce power and move rapidly. The loss factor has been reduced, and the sea states have been found through the Elephant Herding Optimization algorithm. The efficiency of the proposed system is greatly enhanced through torque, thrust and power. The model predictive controller control strategy is activated to reduce load torque and drive system Root Average Square (RMS) error. The implementations are conducted under the MATLAB platform. The values for torque, current, power, and error are measured and plotted. Finally, the performance of the proposed methodology is compared with other available algorithms such as BAT and Dragonfly (DF). The simulation results show that the results of the proposed method are superior to those of various techniques and algorithms such as BAT and Dragonfly.
Dynamic model of the ship; elephant herding optimization; energy management schemes; propeller; ultra-capacitor; zebra batteries
Cite This Article
Hans, S., Ghosh, S., Bhullar, S., Kataria, A., Karar, V. et al. (2022). Hybrid Energy Storage to Control and Optimize Electric Propulsion Systems. CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, 71(3), 6183–6200.
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