Vol.71, No.1, 2022, pp.183-197, doi:10.32604/cmc.2022.021860
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Performance Analysis of Multi-Channel CR Enabled IoT Network with Better Energy Harvesting
  • Afiya Kiran1, Ahmad Karim2,*, Yasser Obaid Alharbi3, Diaa Mohammed Uliyan3
1 Department of Computer Science, BZ University, Multan, 6000, Pakistan
2 Department of Information Technology, BZ University, Multan, Pakistan
3 College of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Ha'il, Hail, Saudi Arabia
* Corresponding Author: Ahmad Karim. Email:
Received 17 July 2021; Accepted 23 August 2021; Issue published 03 November 2021
Abstract
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) can be termed as an auto-configured and infrastructure-less wireless networks to monitor physical or environmental conditions, such as temperature, sound, vibration, pressure and motion etc. WSNs may comprise thousands of Internet of Things (IoT) devices to sense and collect data from its surrounding, process the data and take an automated and mechanized decision. On the other side the proliferation of these devices will soon cause radio spectrum shortage. So, to facilitate these networks, we integrate Cognitive Radio (CR) functionality in these networks. CR can sense the unutilized spectrum of licensed users and then use these empty bands when required. In order to keep the IoT nodes functional all time, continuous energy is required. For this reason the energy harvested techniques are preferred in IoT networks. Mainly it is preferred to harvest Radio Frequency (RF) energy in the network. In this paper a region based multi-channel architecture is proposed. In which the coverage area of primary node is divided as Energy Harvesting Region and Communication Region. The Secondary User (SU) that are the licensed user is IoT enabled with Cognitive Radio (CR) techniques so we call it CR-enabled IoT node/device and is encouraged to harvest energy by utilizing radio frequency energy. To harvest energy efficiently and to reduce the energy consumption during sensing, the concept of overlapping region is given that supports to sense multiple channels simultaneously and help the SU to find best channel for transmitting data or to harvest energy from the ideal channel. From the experimental analysis, it is proved that SU can harvest more energy in overlapping region and this architecture proves to consume less energy during data transmission as compared to single channel. We also show that channel load can be highly reduced and channel utilization is proved to be more proficient. Thus, this proves the proposed architecture cost-effective and energy-efficient.
Keywords
Wireless sensor network; multi-channel sensing; energy harvesting; cognitive radio; IoT network
Cite This Article
Kiran, A., Karim, A., Alharbi, Y. O., Uliyan, D. M. (2022). Performance Analysis of Multi-Channel CR Enabled IoT Network with Better Energy Harvesting. CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, 71(1), 183–197.
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