Vol.71, No.1, 2022, pp.717-734, doi:10.32604/cmc.2022.020666
Generating Type 2 Trapezoidal Fuzzy Membership Function Using Genetic Tuning
  • Siti Hajar Khairuddin, Mohd Hilmi Hasan*, Emilia Akashah P. Akhir, Manzoor Ahmed Hashmani
Centre for Research in Data Science, Department of Computer and Information Sciences, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Perak, Malaysia
* Corresponding Author: Mohd Hilmi Hasan. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Future Generation of Artificial Intelligence and Intelligent Internet of Things)
Received 03 June 2021; Accepted 19 August 2021; Issue published 03 November 2021
Fuzzy inference system (FIS) is a process of fuzzy logic reasoning to produce the output based on fuzzified inputs. The system starts with identifying input from data, applying the fuzziness to input using membership functions (MF), generating fuzzy rules for the fuzzy sets and obtaining the output. There are several types of input MFs which can be introduced in FIS, commonly chosen based on the type of real data, sensitivity of certain rule implied and computational limits. This paper focuses on the construction of interval type 2 (IT2) trapezoidal shape MF from fuzzy C Means (FCM) that is used for fuzzification process of mamdani FIS. In the process, upper MF (UMF) and lower MF (LMF) of the MF need to be identified to get the range of the footprint of uncertainty (FOU). This paper proposes Genetic tuning process, which is a part of genetic algorithm (GA), to adjust parameters in order to improve the behavior of existing system, especially to enhance the accuracy of the system model. This novel process is a hybrid approach which produces Genetic Fuzzy System (GFS) that helps to enhance fuzzy classification problems and performance. The approach provides a new method for the construction and tuning process of the IT2 MF, based on the FCM outcomes. The result is compared to Gaussian shape IT2 MF and trapezoid IT2 MF generated by the classic GA method. It is shown that the proposed approach is able to outperform the mentioned benchmarked approaches. The work implies a wider range of IT2 MF types, constructed based on FCM outcomes, and an optimum generation of the FOU so that it can be implemented in practical applications such as prediction, analytics and rule-based solutions.
Fuzzy inference system; membership function; genetic tuning; lateral adjustment; trapezoidal MF; fuzzy C means
Cite This Article
Khairuddin, S. H., Hasan, M. H., Akashah, E., Hashmani, M. A. (2022). Generating Type 2 Trapezoidal Fuzzy Membership Function Using Genetic Tuning. CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, 71(1), 717–734.
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