Vol.70, No.3, 2022, pp.4675-4690, doi:10.32604/cmc.2022.019586
Dynamic Hand Gesture Recognition Using 3D-CNN and LSTM Networks
  • Muneeb Ur Rehman1, Fawad Ahmed1, Muhammad Attique Khan2, Usman Tariq3, Faisal Abdulaziz Alfouzan4, Nouf M. Alzahrani5, Jawad Ahmad6,*
1 Department of Electrical Engineering, HITEC University Taxila, Pakistan
2 Department of Computer Science, HITEC University Taxila, Pakistan
3 College of Computer Engineering and Sciences, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Khraj, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Forensic Sciences, College of Criminal Justice, Naif Arab University for Security Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Information Technology, Albaha University, Albaha, Saudi Arabia
6 School of Computing, Edinburgh Napier University, UK
* Corresponding Author: Jawad Ahmad. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recent Advances in Deep Learning, Information Fusion, and Features Selection for Video Surveillance Application)
Received 18 April 2021; Accepted 27 July 2021; Issue published 11 October 2021
Recognition of dynamic hand gestures in real-time is a difficult task because the system can never know when or from where the gesture starts and ends in a video stream. Many researchers have been working on vision-based gesture recognition due to its various applications. This paper proposes a deep learning architecture based on the combination of a 3D Convolutional Neural Network (3D-CNN) and a Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) network. The proposed architecture extracts spatial-temporal information from video sequences input while avoiding extensive computation. The 3D-CNN is used for the extraction of spectral and spatial features which are then given to the LSTM network through which classification is carried out. The proposed model is a light-weight architecture with only 3.7 million training parameters. The model has been evaluated on 15 classes from the 20BN-jester dataset available publicly. The model was trained on 2000 video-clips per class which were separated into 80% training and 20% validation sets. An accuracy of 99% and 97% was achieved on training and testing data, respectively. We further show that the combination of 3D-CNN with LSTM gives superior results as compared to MobileNetv2 + LSTM.
Convolutional neural networks; 3D-CNN; LSTM; spatio-temporal; jester; real-time hand gesture recognition
Cite This Article
Rehman, M. U., Ahmed, F., Khan, M. A., Tariq, U., Alfouzan, F. A. et al. (2022). Dynamic Hand Gesture Recognition Using 3D-CNN and LSTM Networks. CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, 70(3), 4675–4690.
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