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Mining the Chatbot Brain to Improve COVID-19 Bot Response Accuracy

Mukhtar Ghaleb1,*, Yahya Almurtadha2, Fahad Algarni3, Monir Abdullah3, Emad Felemban4, Ali M. Alsharafi3, Mohamed Othman5, Khaled Ghilan6
1 Department of Information Systems, College of Sciences and Arts, University of Bisha, Al Namas, 67392, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Computer Science, College of Computing and Information Technology, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, 71491, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Computer Science, College of Computing and Information Technology, University of Bisha, Bisha, 61922, Saudi Arabia
4 Computer Engineering Department, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, 21955, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Communication Technology and Network, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 43400, Malaysia
6 Faculty of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, 45142, Saudi Arabia
* Corresponding Author: Mukhtar Ghaleb. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 70(2), 2619-2638. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2022.020358

Received 20 May 2021; Accepted 21 June 2021; Issue published 27 September 2021

Abstract

People often communicate with auto-answering tools such as conversational agents due to their 24/7 availability and unbiased responses. However, chatbots are normally designed for specific purposes and areas of experience and cannot answer questions outside their scope. Chatbots employ Natural Language Understanding (NLU) to infer their responses. There is a need for a chatbot that can learn from inquiries and expand its area of experience with time. This chatbot must be able to build profiles representing intended topics in a similar way to the human brain for fast retrieval. This study proposes a methodology to enhance a chatbot's brain functionality by clustering available knowledge bases on sets of related themes and building representative profiles. We used a COVID-19 information dataset to evaluate the proposed methodology. The pandemic has been accompanied by an “infodemic” of fake news. The chatbot was evaluated by a medical doctor and a public trial of 308 real users. Evaluations were obtained and statistically analyzed to measure effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction as described by the ISO9214 standard. The proposed COVID-19 chatbot system relieves doctors from answering questions. Chatbots provide an example of the use of technology to handle an infodemic.

Keywords

Machine learning; text classification; e-health chatbot; COVID-19 awareness; natural language understanding

Cite This Article

M. Ghaleb, Y. Almurtadha, F. Algarni, M. Abdullah, E. Felemban et al., "Mining the chatbot brain to improve covid-19 bot response accuracy," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 70, no.2, pp. 2619–2638, 2022.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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