Open Access


A Hybrid Approach for COVID-19 Detection Using Biogeography-Based Optimization and Deep Learning

K. Venkatachalam1, Siuly Siuly2, M. Vinoth Kumar3, Praveen Lalwani1, Manas Kumar Mishra1, Enamul Kabir4,*
1 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, CHRIST (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, 560074, India
2 Institute for Sustainable Industries & Liveable Cities, Victoria University, Melbourne, 14428, Australia
3 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Anna University, University College of Engineering, Dindigul, 624622, India
4 School of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Darling Heights, 4350, Australia
* Corresponding Author: Enamul Kabir. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 70(2), 3717-3732.

Received 10 March 2021; Accepted 19 April 2021; Issue published 27 September 2021


The COVID-19 pandemic has created a major challenge for countries all over the world and has placed tremendous pressure on their public health care services. An early diagnosis of COVID-19 may reduce the impact of the coronavirus. To achieve this objective, modern computation methods, such as deep learning, may be applied. In this study, a computational model involving deep learning and biogeography-based optimization (BBO) for early detection and management of COVID-19 is introduced. Specifically, BBO is used for the layer selection process in the proposed convolutional neural network (CNN). The computational model accepts images, such as CT scans, X-rays, positron emission tomography, lung ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging, as inputs. In the comparative analysis, the proposed deep learning model CNN is compared with other existing models, namely, VGG16, InceptionV3, ResNet50, and MobileNet. In the fitness function formation, classification accuracy is considered to enhance the prediction capability of the proposed model. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed model outperforms InceptionV3 and ResNet50.


Covid-19; biogeography-based optimization; deep learning; convolutional neural network; computer vision

Cite This Article

K. Venkatachalam, S. Siuly, M. Vinoth Kumar, P. Lalwani, M. Kumar Mishra et al., "A hybrid approach for covid-19 detection using biogeography-based optimization and deep learning," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 70, no.2, pp. 3717–3732, 2022.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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