Vol.69, No.2, 2021, pp.1995-2011, doi:10.32604/cmc.2021.018644
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ARTICLE
Analysis and Assessment of Wind Energy Potential of Al-Hodeidah in Yemen
  • Fahd N. Al-Wesabi1,2,*, Murad A. Almekhlafi3, Mohammed Abdullah Al-Hagery4, Mohammad Alamgeer5, Khalid Mahmood5, Majdy M. Eltahir5, Ali M. Al-Sharafi2,6, Amin M. El-Kustaban7
1 Department of Computer Science, King Khalid University, Muhayel Aseer, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Faculty of Computer and IT, Sana’a University, Sana’a, Yemen
3 Department of Electrical Engineering – Communication Engineering, Sana’a University, Yemen
4 Department of Computer Science, College of Computer, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Information Systems, King Khalid University, Mayahel Aseer, KSA
6 Department of Computer Science, College of Computers and Information Technology, University of Bisha, KSA
7 Department of Electronic, Faculty of Engineering, UST, Sana’a, Yemen
* Corresponding Author: Fahd N. Al-Wesabi. Email:
Received 15 March 2021; Accepted 17 April 2021; Issue published 21 July 2021
Abstract
Renewable energy is one of the essential elements of the social and economic development in any civilized country. The use of fossil fuels and the non-renewable form of energy has many adverse effects on the most of ecosystems. Given the high potential of renewable energy sources in Yemen and the absence of similar studies in the region, this study aimed to examine the wind energy potential of Hodeidah-Yemen Republic by analyzing wind characteristics and assessment, determining the available power density, and calculate the wind energy extracted at different heights. The average wind speed of Hodeidah was obtained only for the data currently available for the five years 2005–2009 (due to the current economic and the political situation in Yemen). The results show that the average wind speed in the five years is (25.2 W/m2 at 10 m, 93.9 W/m2 at 30 m, and 173.5 W/m2 at 50 m). The average yearly wind power density (25.2 W/m2 at 10 m, 93.9 W/m2 at 30 m and 173.5 W/m2 at 50m), and the average yearly energy density (220.8 KWh/m2/year at 10 m, 822.6 KWh/m2/year at 30 m and 1519.9 KWh/m2/year at 50 m). This research is a preliminary assessment of the potential of wind energy in Hodeidah, which provides useful information for developing wind energy and an efficient wind approach. According to the International Wind Energy Rating criteria, the region of Hodeidah falls under ‘Class 2’ and is classified as ‘Marginal’ for most of the year.
Keywords
Energy potential; wind speed; weibull distribution; wind power density
Cite This Article
Al-Wesabi, F. N., Almekhlafi, M. A., Al-Hagery, M. A., Alamgeer, M., Mahmood, K. et al. (2021). Analysis and Assessment of Wind Energy Potential of Al-Hodeidah in Yemen. CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, 69(2), 1995–2011.
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