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Ecological Security Evaluation Algorithm for Resource-Exhausted Cities Based on the PSR Model

Xiaozhou Li1,2, Zhenggang Xu1, Yuanyuan Fu3, Qi Jin1, Yunlin Zhao1,*, Neal N. Xiong4
1 Key Laboratory of Forestry Remote Sensing Based Big Data & Ecological Security for Hunan Province, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, 410004, China
2 Hunan Urban and Rural Ecological Planning and Restoration Engineering Research Center, Hunan City University, Yiyang, 413000, China
3 College of Information and Electronic Engineering, Hunan City University, Yiyang, 413000, China
4 Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Northeastern State University, Tahlequah, 74464, USA
* Corresponding Author: Yunlin Zhao. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 69(1), 985-1001.

Received 28 January 2021; Accepted 04 April 2021; Issue published 04 June 2021


Today, resource depletion threatens a number of resource-based cities in China. The ecological security problem caused by the long-term exploitation of natural resources is a key issue to be solved in the development of resource-exhausted cities. Using 23 indicators, this study evaluated the ecological security status and development trends of 21 resource-exhausted cities in China from 2011 to 2017. The results showed that from 2011 to 2015, the overall ecological security of this type of city was low, with over 60% of the cities at an unsafe level. However, ecological security improved rapidly after 2016, and by 2017, all of the cities had reached the critical safety level. The top 10 indicators of ecological security included industrial sulfur dioxide emissions, water supply, agricultural fertilizer application, and forest coverage. These 10 indicators’ cumulative contribution to ecological security was 48.3%; among them, reducing industrial sulfur dioxide emissions contributed the most at 5.7%. These findings can help governments better understand the ecological security status of resource-exhausted cities, and it can provide a reference for the allocation of funds and other resources to improve the ecological safety of these cities.


Ecological security; PSR model; evaluation; resource-exhausted cities

Cite This Article

X. Li, Z. Xu, Y. Fu, Q. Jin, Y. Zhao et al., "Ecological security evaluation algorithm for resource-exhausted cities based on the psr model," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 69, no.1, pp. 985–1001, 2021.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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