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Interference Mitigation in D2D Communication Underlying Cellular Networks: Towards Green Energy

Rana Zeeshan Ahamad1, Abdul Rehman Javed2,*, Shakir Mehmood3, Mohammad Zubair Khan4, Abdulfattah Noorwali5, Muhammad Rizwan6

1 Department of Computer Science, Xian Jiaotong University, Xi’an, China
2 Department of Cyber Security, Air University, Islamabad, Pakistan
3 Department of Information and Technology, Northwest University, Xian, China
4 Department of Computer Science, College of Computer Science and Engineering, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Electrical Engineering, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Computer Science, Kinnaird College for Women, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan

* Corresponding Author: Abdul Rehman Javed. Email:

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Green IoT Networks using Machine Learning, Deep Learning Models)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 68(1), 45-58.


Device to Device (D2D) communication is emerging as a new participant promising technology in 5G cellular networks to promote green energy networks. D2D communication can improve communication delays, spectral efficiency, system capacity, data off-loading, and many other fruitful scenarios where D2D can be implemented. Nevertheless, induction of D2D communication in reuse mode with the conventional cellular network can cause severe interference issues, which can significantly degrade network performance. To reap all the benefits of induction of D2D communication with conventional cellular communication, it is imperative to minimize interference’s detrimental effects. Efficient power control can minimize the negative effects of interference and get benefits promised by D2D communication. In this work, we propose two power control schemes, Power Control Scheme 1 (PCS 1) and Power Control Scheme 2 (PCS 2), to minimize the interference and provide performance analysis. Simulation results observe improvements with PCS 1 and PCS 2 as compared to without using any power control scheme in terms of data rate in both uplink and downlink communication modes of Cellular User Equipment (CUE).


Cite This Article

R. Zeeshan Ahamad, A. Rehman Javed, S. Mehmood, M. Zubair Khan, A. Noorwali et al., "Interference mitigation in d2d communication underlying cellular networks: towards green energy," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 68, no.1, pp. 45–58, 2021.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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