Vol.68, No.1, 2021, pp.213-228, doi:10.32604/cmc.2021.014383
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Second Law Analysis of Magneto Radiative GO-MoS2/H2O–(CH2OH)2 Hybrid Nanofluid
• Adnan1, Umar Khan2, Naveed Ahmed3, Syed Tauseef Mohyud-Din4, Dumitru Baleanu5,6,7, Kottakkaran Sooppy Nisar8, Ilyas Khan9,*
1 Department of Mathematics, Mohi-ud-Din Islamic University, Nerian Sharif AJ&K, 12080, Pakistan
2 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Hazara University, Mansehra, 21120, Pakistan
3 Department of Mathematics Faculty of Sciences, HITEC University, Taxila Cantt, 47070, Pakistan
4 University of Multan, Multan, 66000, Pakistan
5 Department of Mathematics, Cankaya University, Ankara, Turkey
6 Institute of Space Sciences, Magurele, 077125, Romania
7 Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
8 Department of Mathematics, College of Arts and Sciences, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Wadi, Aldawaser, 11991, Saudi Arabia
9 Faculty of Mathematics and Statistics, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, 72915, Vietnam
* Corresponding Author: Ilyas Khan. Email:
Received 17 September 2020; Accepted 12 December 2020; Issue published 22 March 2021
Abstract
Entropy Generation Optimization (EGO) attained huge interest of scientists and researchers due to its numerous applications comprised in mechanical engineering, air conditioners, heat engines, thermal machines, heat exchange, refrigerators, heat pumps and substance mixing etc. Therefore, the study of radiative hybrid nanofluid (GO-MoS2/C2H6O2–H2O) and the conventional nanofluid (MoS2/C2H6O2–H2O) is conducted in the presence of Lorentz forces. The flow configuration is modeled between the parallel rotating plates in which the lower plate is permeable. The models which govern the flow in rotating system are solved numerically over the domain of interest and furnished the results for the temperature, entropy generation and thermophysical characteristics of the hybrid as well as conventional nanofluids, respectively. It is examined that the thermal profile intensifies against stronger thermal radiations and magnetic field. The surface of the plate is heated due to the imposed thermal radiations and magnetic field which cause the increment in the temperature. It is also observed that the temperature declines against more rotating plates. Further, the entropy production increases for more dissipative effects and declines against more magnetized fluid. Thermal conductivities of the hybrid nanofluid enhances promptly in comparison with regular liquid therefore, under consideration hybrid nanofluid is reliable for the heat transfer. Moreover, dominating thermal transport is perceived for the hybrid nanofluid which showed that hybrid suspension GO-MoS2/C2H6O2–H2O is better for industrial, engineering and technological uses.
Keywords
Heat transfer; thermal radiation; Entropy Generation; GO-MoS2 hybrid nanoparticles; thermophysical characteristics