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Mechanical Properties of a Wood Flour-PET Composite Through Computational Homogenisation

P. Pesante1, K. Saavedra2,*, G. Pincheira2
1 M.Sc. in Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universidad de Talca Campus, Curicó, Chile
2 Department of Industrial Technologies, Faculty of Engineering, Universidad de Talca Campus, Curicó, Chile
* Corresponding Author: K. Saavedra. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 67(3), 4061-4079.

Received 13 November 2020; Accepted 12 January 2021; Issue published 01 March 2021


This work proposes to study the effective elastic properties (EEP) of a wood-plastic composite (WPC) made from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and Chilean Radiate pine’s wood flour, using finite element simulations of a representative volume element (RVE) with periodic boundary conditions. Simulations are validated through a static 3-point bending test, with specimens obtained by extruding and injection. The effect of different weight fractions, space orientations and sizes of particles are here examined. Numerical predictions are empirically confirmed in the sense that composites with more wood flour content and bigger size, have higher elastic modulus. However, these results are very sensitive to the orientation of particles. Voigt and Reuss mean-field homogenisation approaches are also given as upper and lower limits. Experimental tests evidence that flexural strengths and ultimate tensile elongations decrease respect to 100% PET, but these properties can be enhanced considering particle-size distributions instead of a fixed size of wood flour.


Wood-plastic composite; periodic homogenisation; mechanical properties; experimental validation

Cite This Article

P. Pesante, K. Saavedra and G. Pincheira, "Mechanical properties of a wood flour-pet composite through computational homogenisation," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 67, no.3, pp. 4061–4079, 2021.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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