Home / Journals / CHD / Vol.17, No.4, 2022
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Diagnostic Yield of Non-Invasive Testing in Patients with Anomalous Aortic Origin of Coronary Arteries: A Multicentric Experience

    Alberto Cipriani1,#, Pietro Bernardo Dall’Aglio1,#, Laura Mazzotta1, Domenico Sirico2, George Sarris3, Mark Hazekamp4, Thierry Carrel5, Alessandro Frigiola6, Vladimir Sojak4, Mauro Lo Rito6, Jurgen Horer7, Regine Roussin7, Julie Cleuziou8, Bart Meyns9, Jose Fragata10, Helena Telles10, Anastasios C. Polimenakos11, Katrien Francois12, Altin Veshti13, Jukka Salminen14, Alvaro Gonzalez Rocafort15, Matej Nosal16, Eleftherios Protopapas3, Roberto Tumbarello17, Patrizio Sarto18, Cinzia Pegoraro18, Raffaella Motta19, Giovanni Di Salvo2, Domenico Corrado1, Vladimiro L. Vida1, Massimo A. Padalino1,2,*
    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 375-385, 2022, DOI:10.32604/chd.2022.019385
    Abstract Background: Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) is a congenital heart disease with a 0.3%−0.5% prevalence. Diagnosis is challenging due to nonspecific clinical presentation. Risk stratification and treatment are currently based on expert consensus and single-center case series. Methods: Demographical and clinical data of AAOCA patients from 17 tertiary-care centers were analyzed. Diagnostic imaging studies (Bidimensional echocardiography, coronary computed tomography angiography [CCTA] were collected. Clinical correlations with anomalous coronary course and origin were evaluated. Results: Data from 239 patients (42% males, mean age 15 y) affected by AAOCA were collected; 154 had AAOCA involving the right coronary artery… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Diagnostic Yield of Non-Invasive Testing in Patients with Anomalous Aortic Origin of Coronary Arteries: A Multicentric Experience

  • Open Access

    CASE REPORT

    A Rare Case of Concordant Atrioventricular Connection to L-Looped Ventricles in Situs Solitus: 4-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging and 3D Printing

    Gregory Perens1,*, Takegawa Yoshida2, J. Paul Finn2
    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 387-392, 2022, DOI:10.32604/chd.2022.021233
    Abstract An infant male presented with the rare anatomy consisting of situs solitus, concordant atrioventricular connections to L-looped ventricles, double outlet right ventricle (DORV), and hypoplastic aortic arch. 6 months after neonatal aortic arch repair, the morphologic right ventricle function deteriorated, and surgical evaluation was undertaken to determine if either biventricular repair with a systemic morphologic left ventricle or right ventricular exclusion was possible. After initial echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to create detailed axial and 4-dimensional (4D) images and 3-dimensional (3D) printed models. The detailed anatomy of this rare, complex case and its use in pre-surgical planning is… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    A Rare Case of Concordant Atrioventricular Connection to L-Looped Ventricles in Situs Solitus: 4-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging and 3D Printing

  • Open Access

    CASE REPORT

    Concordant Atrioventricular Connection to L-Looped Ventricles with the Left Ventricle on Top of the Right Ventricle in Situs Solitus: A Case Report with 3D Modelling and Printing

    Mi Kyoung Song1, Gi Beom Kim1, Woong Han Kim2, Whal Lee3, Eun-Jung Bae1,*
    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 393-398, 2022, DOI:10.32604/chd.2022.019603
    Abstract We report the case of a rare complex cardiac anomaly involving situs solitus, concordant atrioventricular connection with left-hand ventricular topology, and L-looped ventricles. The ventricles had a superior-inferior relationship with an inferiorly located right ventricle, which had a double outlet with far posteriorly located great arteries. The left atrium was elongated, with juxta-positioned atrial appendages on the right side. The 3D-printed model using a computed tomography scan taken on the fourth day of birth demonstrated the anatomy clearly and helped us decide on the surgical management. More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Concordant Atrioventricular Connection to L-Looped Ventricles with the Left Ventricle on Top of the Right Ventricle in Situs Solitus: A Case Report with 3D Modelling and Printing

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Adults with Congenital Heart Disease during the COVID-19 Era: One-Year Tertiary Center Experience

    Fatma A. Taha1,2,*, Osama Amoudi1, Fareed Alnozha1, Reda Abuelatta1
    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 399-419, 2022, DOI:10.32604/chd.2022.020174
    Abstract Background: Adult patients with congenital heart disease (ACHD) might be at high risk of Coronavirus disease- 2019 (COVID-19). This study aimed to report on a one-year tertiary center experience regards COVID-19 infection in ACHD patients. Methods: This is a one-year (March-2020 to March-2021) tertiary-center retrospective study that enrolled all ACHD patients; COVID-19 positive patients’ medical records, and management were reported. Results: We recorded 542 patients, 205 (37.8%) COVID-19-positive, and 337 (62.2%) COVID-19-negative patients. Palliated single ventricle and Eisenmenger syndrome patients were more vulnerable to COVID-19 infection (P < 0.05*). Cardiovascular COVID-19 complications were arrhythmias in 47 (22.9%) patients, heart failure… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Efficacy, Safety and Characteristics of the Amplatzer Vascular Plug II and IV Utilization for Various Percutaneous Occlusions in Children under 10 Years

    Hugues Lucron1,*, Alban-Elouen Baruteau2,3, Caroline Ovaert4, Ali Houeijeh5, Mélanie Brard1, Patrice Guerin2, François Bourlon6, Claire Dauphin7, Saskia Tuttle1, Maha Tagorti3, Rishika Banydeen8, François Godart5
    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 421-436, 2022, DOI:10.32604/chd.2022.020835
    Abstract Objectives: We aim to describe the efficacy, safety, and characteristics of the Amplatzer Vascular Plug (AVP) II and IV “off-label” use for multiple cardiovascular occlusions in children under 10 years. Methods: Observational retrospective multicenter (2007–2020, 6 centers) review of paediatric procedures using AVP II or IV. Results: A total of 125 children (49.6% aged ≤ 1 year, 147 lesions) underwent 136 successive procedures (success rate: 98.5%) using 169 devices (109 AVP IV, 60 AVP II). The mean device diameter was 7.7 ± 3.2 mm (4–20 mm). The median AVP size to vessel diameter ratio was 1.3 (0–2). The median age and weight… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Efficacy, Safety and Characteristics of the Amplatzer Vascular Plug II and IV Utilization for Various Percutaneous Occlusions in Children under 10 Years

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Perpulmonary Device Closure of Patent Ductus Arteriosus with Minimum Diameter More Than 4 mm in Infants

    Shibin Sun1,#, Geoffrey J. Changwe1,2,#, Zeeshan Farhaj1, Hongxin Li1,*, Yuekun Sun1, Zhongzheng Kong1
    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 437-445, 2022, DOI:10.32604/chd.2022.019943
    Abstract Background: Closure of large patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in older children has been accomplished using surgical and percutaneous techniques with remarkable outcomes. However, outcomes amongst infants have been variable with several drawbacks. Here we describe a novel minimally invasive technique, a product of mini-thoracotomy and traditional percutaneous technique skills, accomplished exclusively under echocardiography guidance. Methods: Symptomatic infants with a significant left-to-right shunt from PDA measuring more than 4 mm were selected. The symptoms were varying degrees of tachypnea, tachycardia, heart failure, failure to thrive, recurrent respiratory tract infections, or intensive care unit treatment for a longer duration. Through a left… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Mortality and Long-Term Outcome of Neonates with Congenital Heart Disease and Acute Perinatal Stroke: A Population-Based Case-Control Study

    Eszter Vojcek1,2,*, V. Anna Gyarmathy3,4, Rozsa Graf5, Anna M. Laszlo6, Laszlo Ablonczy7, Zsolt Prodan7, Istvan Seri1,8
    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 447-461, 2022, DOI:10.32604/chd.2022.022274
    Abstract Objective: Neonates with congenital heart disease (CHD) and perinatal stroke have high mortality and survivors are at risk for poor long-term neurodevelopmental outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors and outcome of neonates with both CHD and MRI-confirmed perinatal stroke (Study Group) and compare those to the risk factors and outcome of infants matched for CHD without stroke (Control-1) and of infants matched for MRI-confirmed stroke without CHD (Control-2). Methods: We conducted a population-based case-control study enrolling 28 term neonates with CHD and MRI-confirmed acute perinatal stroke born between 2007–2017 in the Central-Hungarian Region. Each… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Mortality and Long-Term Outcome of Neonates with Congenital Heart Disease and Acute Perinatal Stroke: A Population-Based Case-Control Study

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Congenital Coronary Artery Fistula in Children: A Review of 28 Cases with Clinical and Imaging Outcomes

    Pornrawee Plearntummakun1, Chodchanok Vijarnsorn1,*, Kritvikrom Durongpisitkul1, Prakul Chanthong1, Paweena Chungsomprasong1, Supaluck Kanjanauthai1, Thita Pacharapakornpong1, Jarupim Soongswang1, Thaworn Subtaweesin2
    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 463-478, 2022, DOI:10.32604/chd.2022.021545
    Abstract Background: Congenital coronary artery fistula (CCAF) is a rare anomaly. Treatment strategies tend to close the defect with a symptomatic and significant shunt, primarily based on expert consensus and case series. Results for long-term follow-up in children are limited Methods: We conducted a retrospective study to assess clinical and imaging outcomes of children with CCAF at Siriraj Hospital, Thailand during 2000–2020. Patients with single ventricle were excluded. Treatment strategies [surgical closure (SC), and percutaneous closure (PC)] were classified and the clinical outcomes at the follow-up in 2021, including coronary thrombosis, myocardial ischemia, and the results of cardiovascular imaging were reviewed.… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Congenital Coronary Artery Fistula in Children: A Review of 28 Cases with Clinical and Imaging Outcomes

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparison of Intracardiac and Extracardiac Malformations Associated with Single Atrium, Single Ventricle and Single Atrium-Single Ventricle Using DualSource Computed Tomography

    Tong Pang#, Li Jiang#, Yi Zhang, Mengxi Yang, Jin Wang, Yuan Li*, Zhigang Yang*
    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 479-489, 2022, DOI:10.32604/chd.2022.020401
    Abstract Background: To evaluate the qualitative and quantitative differences between intracardiac and extracardiac vascular malformations in patients with a single atrium (SA), single ventricle (SV) and single atrium-single ventricle (SA-SV) using dual-source CT (DSCT), and to compare the diagnostic performances of DSCT and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). Methods: This retrospective study included 24 SA, 75 SV and 24 SA-SV patients who underwent both DSCT and TTE before surgery. The diagnostic values of DSCT and TTE for intracardiac and extracardiac malformations were compared according to the surgical results. The diameters of the major artery and vein were measured and calculated based on DSCT… More >

  • Open Access

    CASE REPORT

    Multimodal Imaging with 3D-Holograms for Preoperative Planning in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery: A Unique Case Report

    Federica Caldaroni1, Massimo Chessa2, Alessandro Varrica1, Alessandro Giamberti1,*
    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 491-494, 2022, DOI:10.32604/chd.2022.019119
    Abstract Multimodal imaging, including augmented or mixed reality, transforms the physicians’ interaction with clinical imaging, allowing more accurate data interpretation, better spatial resolution, and depth perception of the patient’s anatomy. We successfully overlay 3D holographic visualization to magnetic resonance imaging images for preoperative decision making of a complex case of cardiac tumour in a 7-year-old girl. More >

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