Vol.16, No.6, 2021, pp.551-560, doi:10.32604/CHD.2021.016635
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ARTICLE
The Impact of a Bicuspid Aortic Valve on Aortic Geometry and Function in Patients with Aortic Coarctation: A Comprehensive CMR Study
  • Laura Schweikert1, Dominik Gabbert1, Sylvia Krupickova2, Inga Voges1,*
1 Department of Congenital Heart Disease and Paediatric Cardiology, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany
2 Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK
* Corresponding Author: Inga Voges. Email:
Received 13 March 2021; Accepted 11 May 2021; Issue published 08 July 2021
Abstract
Background: An isolated bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is associated with structural and functional abnormalities of the aorta and the left ventricle (LV). Although ~50% of patients with aortic coarctation (CoA) have a BAV, less is known about its impact on LV function and aortic geometry and function in CoA patients. In this cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) study, we analysed markers of LV and aortic function as well as aortic geometry in a large cohort of CoA patients with a BAV and compared them with CoA patients with a tricuspid aortic valve (TAV). Methods: We included 48 patients with a BAV (18.4 ± 9.3 years) and 45 patients with TAV (20.7 ± 9.9 years). LV volumes, mass and ejection fraction as well as aortic distensibilty, pulse wave velocity (PWV) were measured from standard cine CMR and phase-contrast CMR images. 2-dimensional CMR feature tracking (2DCMR-FT) was performed to measure longitudinal, circumferential and radial strain and strain rate of the LV. Aortic arch geometry was classified as romanic, gothic and crenel. Results: LV volumes, mass and ejection fraction as well as aortic distensibility and PWV did not significantly differ between the BAV and the TAV group. There was also no significant difference for LV global longitudinal, radial and circumferential strain and strain rate between both groups. Patients with a BAV had more commonly a gothic aortic arch compared to TAV patients, but this difference was not statistically significant (22 vs. 14, p = 0.2). Ascending and descending aortic distensibility correlated with LV mass in the entire patient group (p < 0.001). Global longitudinal, circumferential and radial strain (GLS, GCS, GRS) and global longitudinal and circumferential strain rate (GLSR, GCSR) correlated with LV ejection fraction (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Our data suggest that the presence of a BAV does not adversely impact LV and aortic function in children and young adults with CoA. The correlation of global circumferential, longitudinal and radial strain values with LV ejection fraction demonstrates that 2D-CMR-FT might provide additional information related to ventricular function in CoA patients.
Keywords
Aortic coarctation; bicuspid aortic valve; cardiovascular magnetic resonance; feature tracking
Cite This Article
Schweikert, L., Gabbert, D., Krupickova, S., Voges, I. (2021). The Impact of a Bicuspid Aortic Valve on Aortic Geometry and Function in Patients with Aortic Coarctation: A Comprehensive CMR Study. Congenital Heart Disease, 16(6), 551–560.
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