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Whole Exome Sequencing Identifies A Novel Pathogenic Bmpr2 Variant in Pulmonary Atresia

Muyu Qi1,#, Xiaoping Lan2,#, Jia Li1, Junwen Ge1, Li Shen1,*, Rufang Zhang1,*
1 Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Shanghai Children’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China
2 Molecular Diagnostic Laboratory, Shanghai Children’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China
* Corresponding Authors: Li Shen. Email: ; Rufang Zhang. Email:
# The authors contribute equally

Congenital Heart Disease 2021, 16(5), 487-498. https://doi.org/10.32604/CHD.2021.015887

Received 25 January 2021; Accepted 01 April 2021; Issue published 03 June 2021

Abstract

Objective: Pulmonary atresia (PA) is a rare type of complex cyanotic congenital heart defect characterized primarily by an undeveloped pulmonary valve or pulmonary artery. Therefore, defining a disease-causing gene mutation in a pulmonary atresia family is a possible method of genetic counseling, future prenatal diagnosis, and therapeutic approaches for pulmonary atresia. Methods: Blood samples were collected from six PA family members, and genomic DNA was extracted using the QIAamp DNA Blood Mini Kit. Gene detection was performed using a second-generation sequencing gene panel. Results: Genetic testing results indicated that a heterozygous mutation originating from maternal inheritance was detected in the BMPR2 gene of the proband’s genomic DNA. The pathogenic gene was c.2804C>T (p. A935V). The mutation was also detected in the genomic DNA of the proband’s elder brother (III-1), but not in other family members. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report the BMPR2 variant responsible for pulmonary atresia. The frequency of the c.2804C>T (p. A935V) mutation detected in this family is extremely low in the normal population (1/ 246048). The mutation was highly conserved among different species. Sorting intolerant from tolerant (SIFT) predicts it to be a harmful mutation.

Keywords

Pulmonary atresia; gene mutation; BMPR2 gene

Cite This Article

Qi, M., Lan, X., Li, J., Ge, J., Shen, L. et al. (2021). Whole Exome Sequencing Identifies A Novel Pathogenic Bmpr2 Variant in Pulmonary Atresia. Congenital Heart Disease, 16(5), 487–498.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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