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CASE REPORT

Arrhythmias in Common Arterial Trunk (CAT): Uncommon Atrial Tachycardia in CAT with Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection and Re-entry Atrial Tachycardia in CAT with HIV Seropositive Mother

Elio Caruso1, Silvia Farruggio1,*, Davide Calvaruso1, Corrado Di Mambro1, David Angel Ortiz Ruiz1, Salvatore Agati1, Rafie Khoargami2
1 Mediterranean Pediatric Cardiology Center “Bambino Gesù”, San Vincenzo Hospital, Taormina, Italy
2 Cardiac Electrophysiology Research Center, Rajaie, University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
* Corresponding Author: Silvia Farruggio. Email:

Congenital Heart Disease 2021, 16(4), 417-425. https://doi.org/10.32604/CHD.2021.015808

Received 15 January 2021; Accepted 22 February 2021; Issue published 19 April 2021

Abstract

We show a brief report of two common arterial trunk cases (CAT) with different arrhythmias and discuss anatomy, clinical and diagnostic management. The burden of volume and pressure overload of this cardiac malformation may predispose to different types of arrhythmia before and after surgical repair. Because of labile hemodynamic state in this group of patients, prompt diagnosis of any arrhythmia is mandatory as the devastating factor on prognosis. The first patient with a diagnosis of CAT Type II Collett and Edwards (CE) had a particular history with HIV seropositive mother assuming antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy, who presented hyperbilirubinemia and liver dysfunction at birth, and re-entry atrial tachycardia after repair. The second patient had CAT Type I CE with a partial anomalous venous connection of left superior pulmonary vein and uncommon type of atrial tachycardia with dual AV nodal physiology.

Keywords

Common arterial trunk; arrhythmia; anomalous pulmonary venous connection; HIV

Cite This Article

Caruso, E., Farruggio, S., Calvaruso, D., Mambro, C. D., Angel, D. et al. (2021). Arrhythmias in Common Arterial Trunk (CAT): Uncommon Atrial Tachycardia in CAT with Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection and Re-entry Atrial Tachycardia in CAT with HIV Seropositive Mother. Congenital Heart Disease, 16(4), 417–425.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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