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Extracellular matrix of ostrich articular cartilage

TATIANA CARLA TOMIOSSO, LAURECIR GOMES, BENEDICTO DE CAMPOS VIDAL, EDSON ROSA PIMENTEL
Departamento de Biologia Celular, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, CEP 13083-863, Brazil.
Address correspondence to: Dr. Edson Rosa Pimentel. Laboratório de Bioquímica de Matriz Extracelular, Departamento de Biologia Celular, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, CEP 13083-863, BRAZIL. Phone/Fax (55) 19 3788 6111/ 3788 6117. E-mail: pimentel@unicamp.br

BIOCELL 2005, 29(1), 47-54. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2005.29.047

Abstract

The composition and organization of the extracellular matrix of ostrich articular cartilage was investigated, using samples from the proximal and distal surfaces of the tarsometatarsus. For morphological analysis, sections were stained with toluidine blue and analyzed by polarized light microscopy. For biochemical analysis, extracellular matrix components were extracted with 4 M guanidinium chloride, fractionated on DEAE-Sephacel and analyzed by SDS-PAGE. Glycosaminoglycans were analyzed by electrophoresis in agarose gels. Structural analysis showed that the fibrils were arranged in different directions, especially on the distal surface. The protein and glycosaminoglycan contents of this region were higher than in the other regions. SDS-PAGE showed the presence of proteins with molecular masses ranging from 17 to 121 kDa and polydisperse components of 67, 80-100, and 250-300 kDa in all regions. The analysis of glycosaminoglycans in agarosepropylene diamine gels revealed the presence of only chondroitin-sulfate. The electrophoretic band corresponding to putative decorin was a small proteoglycan containing chondroitin-sufate and not dermatan-sulfate, unlike other cartilages. The higher amounts of proteins and glycosaminoglycans and the multidirectional arrangement of fibrils seen in the distal region may be correlated with the higher compression normally exerted on this region.

Keywords

articular cartilage, collagen, decorin, ostrich, proteoglycan.

Cite This Article

CARLA, T. (2005). Extracellular matrix of ostrich articular cartilage. BIOCELL, 29(1), 47–54.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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