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Applying SMART Goal Intervention Leads to Greater Goal Attainment, Need Satisfaction and Positive Affect

Zeynab Bahrami1, Atena Heidari1,*, Jacquelyn Cranney2
1 University of Tehran, Tehran, 1417935840, Iran
2 University of New South Wales, Sydney, 2052, Australia
* Corresponding Author: Atena Heidari. Email:

International Journal of Mental Health Promotion 2022, 24(6), 869-882.

Received 26 August 2021; Accepted 29 April 2022; Issue published 28 September 2022


Previous research suggests that planning interventions lead to increased goal attainment, while other research suggests that goal attainment leads to increased well-being. This research integrates these two sets of research findings by investigating the effectiveness of one goal planning intervention, the SMART goal program, on goal attainment, and thus need satisfaction and well-being, in university students. An experimental design across a one-week period was employed to test whether participants in the experimental group, who received the SMART goal instructions, better obtained their goal in comparison to control group participants who did not receive those specific instructions. Findings indicated that the SMART goal program led to greater rated goal attainment and need satisfaction, but not greater subjective well-being (SWB). Nevertheless, one component of SWB, positive affect, was greater in the Experimental group. Type of individually chosen self-concordant goal content had no impact on whether participants attained their goal.


SMART goal intervention; goal attainment; need satisfaction; subjective well-being; positive affect

Cite This Article

Bahrami, Z., Heidari, A., Cranney, J. (2022). Applying SMART Goal Intervention Leads to Greater Goal Attainment, Need Satisfaction and Positive Affect. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 24(6), 869–882.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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