Open Access


Effectiveness of Mind-Body Exercise on Burnout and Stress in Female Undergraduate Students

Xiaohong Zhu1, Tongyang Chu2, Qian Yu3, Jinming Li3, Xingyu Zhang3, Yanjie Zhang3,4,*, Liye Zou3
1 College of Sports Science, Jishou University, Jishou, 416000, China
2 College of Arts and Physical Education, Sejong University, Seoul, 05006, South Korea
3 Exercise Psychophysiology Laboratory, Institute of KEEP Collaborative Innovation, School of Psychology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, 518060, China
4 Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Institute of Sports Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea
* Corresponding Author: Yanjie Zhang. Email:

International Journal of Mental Health Promotion 2021, 23(3), 353-360.

Received 26 February 2021; Accepted 31 March 2021; Issue published 23 July 2021


This study was to investigate the effects of mind-body exercise on burnout and perceived stress among female undergraduate students. A sample of 146 female undergraduate students took part in this study. They were assigned to mind-body exercise group (n = 91) and control group (n = 55). Mind-body exercise group received three 90-min sessions of Baduanjin exercise per week lasting for 12-weeks. There was no intervention in the control group. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey was used to assess burnout level, and the 10-item perceived stress scale was used to assess stress level. Significant decreases in emotional exhaustion (p < 0.001), cynicism (p < 0.001) and perceived stress (p < 0.001) were found in the mind-body exercise group compared with control group. Furthermore after 12-week mind-body exercise, emotional exhaustion, cynicism and perceived stress had greater reduction. Mind-body exercise (Baduanjin) may be considered an alternative strategy to reduce burnout and perceived stress in female undergraduate students.


Qigong; burnout; stress; undergraduate students

Cite This Article

Zhu, X., Chu, T., Yu, Q., Li, J., Zhang, X. et al. (2021). Effectiveness of Mind-Body Exercise on Burnout and Stress in Female Undergraduate Students. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 23(3), 353–360.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1492


  • 762


  • 0


Share Link

WeChat scan