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Effects of the Axial Variations of Porosity and Mineralization on the Elastic Properties of the Human Femoral Neck

V. Sansalone1,∗, V. Bousson2, S. Naili1, C. Bergot2, F. Peyrin3, J.D. Laredo2, G. Haïat1
Université Paris-Est, Laboratoire Modélisation et Simulation Multi Echelle, UMR CNRS 8208 MSME, 94010 Créteil Cedex, France.
Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UMR CNRS 7052 B2OA, 10, avenue de Verdun, 75010 Paris, France.
CREATIS, INSERM U630; UMR CNRS 5220; INSA Lyon; Université de Lyon, 69621 Villeurbanne, Cedex, France. ESRF, BP 220, 38043 Grenoble, Cedex, France.

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2012, 87(5), 387-410. https://doi.org/10.3970/cmes.2012.087.387

Abstract

This paper investigates the effects of the heterogeneous distribution of the Haversian Porosity (HP) and Tissue Mineral Density (TMD) on the elastic coefficients of bone in the human femoral neck. A bone specimen from the inferior femoral neck was obtained from a patient undergoing standard hemiarthroplasty. The specimen was imaged using 3-D synchrotron micro-computed tomography (voxel size of 10.13 mm), leading to the determination of the anatomical distributions of HP and TMD. These experimental data were used to estimate the elastic coefficients of the bone using a three-step homogenization model based on continuum micromechanics: (i) At the tissue scale (characteristic length of several hundred micrometers), bone was modeled as cylindrical pores (Haversian canals) in a solid matrix called ultrastructure; (ii) At the scale of several micrometers, ultrastructure was modeled as collagen fibers embedded in a mineral foam; (iii) Eventually, at the scale of several hundred nanometers, mineral foam was modeled as a mixture of mineral and water. Effective elastic coefficients of the bone were computed accounting for the heterogeneous distributions of HP and TMD determined experimentally. The variations of HP, TMD and elastic coefficients were investigated along the axis of the femoral neck and at different distances from the periosteal surface of the sample. TMD was found to decrease from the distal to the proximal part of the femoral neck axis whereas no specific trend was found for the HP. Axial variations of the elastic coefficients were shown to be mainly related to the axial variations of TMD and HP in the dense and porous tissue, respectively. Therefore, this study underlines the importance of considering the actual spatial variations of TMD and HP to obtain accurate estimates of bone effective elastic properties.

Keywords

Biomechanics, bone, femoral neck, haversian porosity, tissue mineral density, imaging, homogenization, elastic properties.

Cite This Article

Sansalone, V., Bousson, V., Naili, S., Bergot, C., Peyrin, F. et al. (2012). Effects of the Axial Variations of Porosity and Mineralization on the Elastic Properties of the Human Femoral Neck. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 87(5), 387–410.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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