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A Unified Approach to Numerical Modeling of Fully and Partially Saturated Porous Materials by Considering Air Dissolved in Water

D. Gawin1, L. Sanavia2
Department of Building Physics and Building Materials, Technical University of Lodz, Al. Politechniki 6, 90-924 Lodz, Poland, e-mail: gawindar@p.lodz.pl
Corresponding author. Dipartimento di Costruzioni e Trasporti, Universit ˙a degli Studi di Padova, Via Marzolo 9, 35-131 Padova, Italy, e-mail: lorenzo.sanavia@unipd.it

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2009, 53(3), 255-302. https://doi.org/10.3970/cmes.2009.053.255

Abstract

This paper presents a unified mathematical approach to model the hydro-thermo-mechanical behavior of saturated and partially saturated porous media by considering the effects of air dissolved in liquid water. The model equations are discretized by means of the Finite Element method. A correspondingly updated code is used to analyze two examples; the first one is the well known Liakopoulos test, i.e. the drainage of liquid water from a 1m column of sand, which is used to validate numerically the model here developed. As second example, a biaxial compression test of undrained dense sands where cavitation takes place at strain localization is simulated. It is shown that considering the dissolved air has a small influence on the overall results of numerical simulations, while the histories of the fluid variables (gas and capillary pressure and water saturation) differ from other approaches neglecting the air dissolved. This may be important if appropriate constitutive models for partially saturated materials are used. A major advantage of the proposed procedure is that it allows for a unified modeling of partially and fully saturated zones in porous media without application of any `unphysical' numerical technique.

Keywords

Poromechanics, Multiphase porous material, Coupled Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical modeling, Saturated-unsaturated transition, Air dissolution in liquid water, Water cavitation, Strain localization.

Cite This Article

Gawin, D., Sanavia, L. (2009). A Unified Approach to Numerical Modeling of Fully and Partially Saturated Porous Materials by Considering Air Dissolved in Water. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 53(3), 255–302.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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