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3--D Numerical Analysis of the Stress State Caused by Short-Term Loading of a Fixed Dental Implant containing a "PDL-Like'' Nonlinear Elastic Internal Layer

Francesco Genna1, Corrado Paganelli2, Stefano Salgarello3, Pierluigi Sapelli2
1 Professor of Engineering (Corresponding Author) Dept. of Civil Engineering, University of Brescia Via Branze, 38 — 25123 Brescia, Italy Phone: +39 030 3715515 Fax: +30 030 3715503 E-mail: genna@bscivgen.ing.unibs.it
2 Professor of Dental Clinic Dental Clinic, University of Brescia Piazzale Spedali Civili, 1 — 25123 Brescia, Italy
3 Associate Professor of Dental Clinic Dental Clinic, University of Brescia

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2003, 4(3&4), 405-420. https://doi.org/10.3970/cmes.2003.004.405

Abstract

We study the mechanical behavior of a prototype osseointegrated dental implant containing a thin internal layer, designed in such a way as to simulate the existence of the periodontal ligament (PDL). Experimental stress-strain curves suggest that the behavior of the PDL can be simulated by means of a compressible hyperelastic constitutive model, at least for short-term loading. We have adopted one such a model to describe the mechanical behavior of the internal layer in the prototype implant design, studied by means of several 3--D Finite Element analyses. The results indicate that the presence of such a nonlinear internal layer is quite significant, in terms of stress redistribution, specially for all the loading/boundary conditions involving a strong static indeterminacy. It remains still difficult to assess whether the stress redistribution produced by the studied implant is beneficial in terms of bone behavior, owing to the lack of knowledge of the real mechanical fields which develop in the tooth-PDL-bone system under loading.

Cite This Article

Genna, F., Paganelli, C., Salgarello, S., Sapelli, P. (2003). 3--D Numerical Analysis of the Stress State Caused by Short-Term Loading of a Fixed Dental Implant containing a "PDL-Like'' Nonlinear Elastic Internal Layer. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 4(3&4), 405–420.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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