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Estimation and Validation of Elastic Modulus of Carbon Nanotubes Using Nano-Scale Tensile and Vibrational Analysis

C. J. Wu1, C. Y. Chou1, C. N. Han1, K. N. Chiang2
Research assistant. Advanced Microsystem Packaging and Nano-Mechanics Research Laboratory, Department of Power Mechanical Engineering, National Tsing-Hua University, Taiwan.
Corresponding author. Email: knchiang@pme.nthu.edu.tw. Advanced Microsystem Packaging and Nano-Mechanics Research Laboratory, Department of Power Mechanical Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, 101, Sec. 2, Kuangfu Rd., Hsinchu, Taiwan.

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2009, 41(1), 49-68. https://doi.org/10.3970/cmes.2009.041.049

Abstract

In this paper, the atomistic-continuum mechanics method (ACM) is applied for carbon nanotube modeling. The atomistic-continuum mechanics is based on the transformation of chemical bonds between atoms in molecular mechanics into appropriate elements in finite element method and continuum mechanics. Spring elements are treated as chemical bonds between carbon atoms in carbon nanotube, whose force-displacement function is determined by the Reactive Empirical Bond Order (REBO) potential model. The advantages and unique feature of ACM method is same analytical model can be used for both tensile and vibration analyses, and most importantly, there are no prior inputs such as Young's Modulus, cross-section area and density will be needed in the frequency analysis of ACM approach. As a result, not only Young's modulus could be obtained but also modal analysis could be achieved with affordable computational time by personal computers. The validity of the results is demonstrated through comparisons to numerical and experimental results provided by other papers. In addition, based on classic structural dynamics, the feasibility of the ACM method has been verified by comparing the results of Young's modulus analysis and modal analysis.

Keywords

Carbon nanotubes, finite element, atomistic-continuum method, Young's modulus, modal analysis, REBO

Cite This Article

Wu, C. J., Chou, C. Y., Han, C. N., Chiang, K. N. (2009). Estimation and Validation of Elastic Modulus of Carbon Nanotubes Using Nano-Scale Tensile and Vibrational Analysis. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 41(1), 49–68.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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