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A Linear Homomorphic Proxy Signature Scheme Based on Blockchain for Internet of Things

Caifen Wang1,*, Bin Wu2

1 College of Big Data and Internet, Shenzhen Technology University, Shenzhen, 518118, China
2 School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou, 730070, China

* Corresponding Author: Caifen Wang. Email:

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Emerging Trends on Blockchain: Architecture and Dapp Ecosystem)

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2023, 136(2), 1857-1878.


The mushroom growth of IoT has been accompanied by the generation of massive amounts of data. Subject to the limited storage and computing capabilities of most IoT devices, a growing number of institutions and organizations outsource their data computing tasks to cloud servers to obtain efficient and accurate computation while avoiding the cost of local data computing. One of the most important challenges facing outsourcing computing is how to ensure the correctness of computation results. Linearly homomorphic proxy signature (LHPS) is a desirable solution to ensure the reliability of outsourcing computing in the case of authorized signing right. Blockchain has the characteristics of tamper-proof and traceability, and is a new technology to solve data security. However, as far as we know, constructions of LHPS have been few and far between. In addition, the existing LHPS scheme does not focus on homomorphic unforgeability and does not use blockchain technology. Herein, we improve the security model of the LHPS scheme, and the usual existential forgery and homomorphic existential forgery of two types of adversaries are considered. Under the new model, we present a blockchain-based LHPS scheme. The security analysis shows that under the adaptive chosen message attack, the unforgeability of the proposed scheme can be reduced to the CDH hard assumption, while achieving the usual and homomorphic existential unforgeability. Moreover, compared with the previous LHPS scheme, the performance analysis shows that our scheme has the same key size and comparable computational overhead, but has higher security.


Cite This Article

Wang, C., Wu, B. (2023). A Linear Homomorphic Proxy Signature Scheme Based on Blockchain for Internet of Things. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 136(2), 1857–1878.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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