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A Novel Belief Rule-Based Fault Diagnosis Method with Interpretability

Zhijie Zhou1, Zhichao Ming1,*, Jie Wang1, Shuaiwen Tang1, You Cao1, Xiaoxia Han1, Gang Xiang2,3

1 Rocket Force University of Engineering, Xi’an, 710025, China
2 School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing, 100191, China
3 Beijing Aerospace Automatic Control Institute, Beijing, 100070, China

* Corresponding Author: Zhichao Ming. Email:

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2023, 136(2), 1165-1185.


Fault diagnosis plays an irreplaceable role in the normal operation of equipment. A fault diagnosis model is often required to be interpretable for increasing the trust between humans and the model. Due to the understandable knowledge expression and transparent reasoning process, the belief rule base (BRB) has extensive applications as an interpretable expert system in fault diagnosis. Optimization is an effective means to weaken the subjectivity of experts in BRB, where the interpretability of BRB may be weakened. Hence, to obtain a credible result, the weakening factors of interpretability in the BRB-based fault diagnosis model are firstly analyzed, which are manifested in deviation from the initial judgement of experts and over-optimization of parameters. For these two factors, three indexes are proposed, namely the consistency index of rules, consistency index of the rule base and over-optimization index, to measure the interpretability of the optimized model. Considering both the accuracy and interpretability of a model, an improved coordinate ascent (I-CA) algorithm is proposed to fine-tune the parameters of the fault diagnosis model based on BRB. In I-CA, the algorithm combined with the advance and retreat method and the golden section method is employed to be one-dimensional search algorithm. Furthermore, the random optimization sequence and adaptive step size are proposed to improve the accuracy of the model. Finally, a case study of fault diagnosis in aerospace relays based on BRB is carried out to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

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A Novel Belief Rule-Based Fault Diagnosis Method with Interpretability


Cite This Article

Zhou, Z., Ming, Z., Wang, J., Tang, S., Cao, Y. et al. (2023). A Novel Belief Rule-Based Fault Diagnosis Method with Interpretability. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 136(2), 1165–1185.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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