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Quantification of Ride Comfort Using Musculoskeletal Mathematical Model Considering Vehicle Behavior

Junya Tanehashi1, Szuchi Chang2, Takahiro Hirosei3, Masaki Izawa2, Aman Goyal2, Ayumi Takahashi4, Kazuhito Misaji4,*
1 Graduate Student, Graduate School of Industrial Technology, Nihon University, Chiba, 275-8575, Japan
2 Hitachi Astemo, Ltd., Tochigi, 321-3325, Japan
3 Former Graduate Student, Graduate School of Industrial Technology, Nihon University, Chiba, 275-8575, Japan
4 College of Industrial Technology, Nihon University, Chiba, 275-8575, Japan
* Corresponding Author: Kazuhito Misaji. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computer Methods in Bio-mechanics and Biomedical Engineering)

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2023, 135(3), 2287-2306. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2023.022432

Received 17 March 2022; Accepted 13 July 2022; Issue published 23 November 2022

Abstract

This research aims to quantify driver ride comfort due to changes in damper characteristics between comfort mode and sport mode, considering the vehicle’s inertial behavior. The comfort of riding in an automobile has been evaluated in recent years on the basis of a subjective sensory evaluation given by the driver. However, reflecting driving sensations in design work to improve ride comfort is abstract in nature and difficult to express theoretically. Therefore, we evaluated the human body’s effects while driving scientifically by quantifying the driver’s behavior while operating the steering wheel and the behavior of the automobile while in motion using physical quantities. To this end, we collected driver and vehicle data using a motion capture system and vehicle CAN and IMU sensors. We also constructed a three-dimensional musculoskeletal mathematical model to simulate driver movements and calculate the power and amount of energy per unit of time used for driving the joints and muscles of the human body. Here, we used comfort mode and sport mode to compare damper characteristics in terms of hardness. In comfort mode, damper characteristics are soft and steering stability is mild, but vibration from the road is not easily transmitted to the driver making for a lighter load on the driver. In sport mode, on the other hand, damper characteristics are hard and steering stability is comparatively better. Still, vibration from the road is easily transmitted to the driver, which makes it easy for a load to be placed on the driver. As a result of this comparison, it was found that a load was most likely to be applied to the driver’s neck. This result in relation to the neck joint can therefore be treated as an objective measure for quantifying ride comfort.

Graphical Abstract

Quantification of Ride Comfort Using Musculoskeletal Mathematical Model Considering Vehicle Behavior

Keywords

Human engineering; biomechanics; driver’s sense of fatigue; double lane change; musculoskeletal mathematical model

Cite This Article

Tanehashi, J., Chang, S., Hirosei, T., Izawa, M., Goyal, A. et al. (2023). Quantification of Ride Comfort Using Musculoskeletal Mathematical Model Considering Vehicle Behavior. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 135(3), 2287–2306.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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