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Email Filtering Using Hybrid Feature Selection Model

Adel Hamdan Mohammad1,* , Sami Smadi2, Tariq Alwada’n3
1 Computer Science Department, The World Islamic Sciences and Education University, Amman, Jordan
2 Information System and Networks Department, The World Islamic Sciences and Education University, Amman, Jordan
3 Network and Cybersecurity Department, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, UK
* Corresponding Author: Adel Hamdan Mohammad. Email:

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2022, 132(2), 435-450. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2022.020088

Received 03 November 2021; Accepted 21 January 2022; Issue published 15 June 2022

Abstract

Undoubtedly, spam is a serious problem, and the number of spam emails is increased rapidly. Besides, the massive number of spam emails prompts the need for spam detection techniques. Several methods and algorithms are used for spam filtering. Also, some emergent spam detection techniques use machine learning methods and feature extraction. Some methods and algorithms have been introduced for spam detecting and filtering. This research proposes two models for spam detection and feature selection. The first model is evaluated with the email spam classification dataset, which is based on reducing the number of keywords to its minimum. The results of this model are promising and highly acceptable. The second proposed model is based on creating features for spam detection as a first stage. Then, the number of features is reduced using three well-known metaheuristic algorithms at the second stage. The algorithms used in the second model are Artificial Bee Colony (ABC), Ant Colony Optimization (ACO), and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), and these three algorithms are adapted to fit the proposed model. Also, the authors give it the names AABC, AACO, and APSO, respectively. The dataset used for the evaluation of this model is Enron. Finally, well-known criteria are used for the evaluation purposes of this model, such as true positive, false positive, false negative, precision, recall, and F-Measure. The outcomes of the second proposed model are highly significant compared to the first one.

Keywords

Feature selection; artificial bee colony; ant colony optimization; particle swarm optimization; spam detection; emails filtering

Cite This Article

Mohammad, A. H., Alwada’n, T. (2022). Email Filtering Using Hybrid Feature Selection Model. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 132(2), 435–450.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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