Open Access


Deep Learning Applications for COVID-19 Analysis: A State-of-the-Art Survey

Wenqian Li1, Xing Deng1,2,*, Haijian Shao1, Xia Wang3
1 School of Computer, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang, 212003, China
2 School of Automation, Key Laboratory of Measurement and Control for CSE, Ministry of Education, Southeast University, Nanjing, 210096, China
3 School of Information Science and Technology, Nantong University, Nantong, 226019, China
* Corresponding Author: Xing Deng. Email:

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2021, 129(1), 65-98.

Received 16 April 2021; Accepted 13 July 2021; Issue published 24 August 2021


The COVID-19 has resulted in catastrophic situation and the deaths of millions of people all over the world. In this paper, the predictions of epidemiological propagation models, such as SIR and SEIR, are introduced to analyze the earlier COVID-19 propagation. The deep learning methods combined with transfer learning are familiar with classification-detection approaches based on chest X-ray and CT images are presented in detail. Besides, deep learning approaches have also been applied to lung ultrasound (LUS), which has been shown to be more sensitive than chest X-ray and CT images in detecting COVID-19. In the absence of a vaccine, the machine learning-related approaches are applied to analyze vaccine candidates in the realm of biology and medicine. The telehealth system played a major role in combating the pandemic from all aspects and reducing contact with patients during this period. Natural language processing-related methods are utilized to analyze tweets related to the COVID-19 epidemic on social media, and further analyze public sentiment and subject modeling, so as to arrange corresponding measures to appease public sentiment. In particular, this survey is to summarize and analyze the contributions made in various fields during the COVID-19 pandemic by considering both the contribution of deep learning in chest X-ray and CT images, as well as the application of the latest LUS during the COVID-19 pandemic. Telehealth and the importance of public sentiment analysis during a pandemic were also described in detail.

Graphical Abstract

Deep Learning Applications for COVID-19 Analysis: A <i>State-of-the-Art</i> Survey


COVID-19; epidemiological propagation models; deep learning; transfer learning; classification-detection; lung ultrasound; telehealth system

Cite This Article

Li, W., Deng, X., Shao, H., Wang, X. (2021). Deep Learning Applications for COVID-19 Analysis: A State-of-the-Art Survey. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 129(1), 65–98.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1410


  • 1002


  • 0


Share Link

WeChat scan